The A Seed Tells A Farmer’s Story is Chapter 14 from the Let’s Look Around and Learn Environmental Studies Textbook for students of Class 5th of JKBOSE. This post is a comprehensive detail about A Seed Tells A Farmer’s Story Class 5 Question Answers. In the last post, you have read about Across the Wall Class 5 Chapter Notes. Let’s not waste time and get started:
A Seed Tells A Farmer’s Story Class 5 Question Answers
The chapter “A Seed Tells A Farmer’s Story” describes how farming has changed from the earlier times and it is also aware of the difficulties faced by the farmers today. The chapter is designed to make students aware of agriculture.
A Seed Tells A Farmer’s Story Question Answers
Tell Page No. 127
- Are Rotis made in your home? From which grains are they made?
Ans. Yes, rotis are made in my home. They are made of wheat or maize grains.
- Have you eaten roti made from bajra or jowar? Did you like these?
Ans. No, I haven’t tasted the roti made from jowar or bajra.
Find out and Write Page No. 127 – 128
- In your house what is done to protect grains and pulses from insects?
Ans. The pulses and grains are dried properly and are stored in air-tight containers to protect grains and pulses from insects in my house.
- Which are the different festivals related to farming, celebrated in different seasons? Find out more about any one such festival and write in your notebook – The name of the festival, in which season is it celebrated, in which states of India, what special foods are made, is it celebrated only at home with the family, or together with many people.
Ans. Ans. The festivals related to farming are–Baisakhi, Basant Panchami, Lohri and Holi.
- Baisakhi-It is celebrated on the harvesting of wheat in Northern India.
- Basant Panchami—It is celebrated in the spring season. It is celebrated mainly in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar. At this festival, people eat yellow rice, Kheer, Sweet rotis etc. It is celebrated by the people of different families together.
- Pongal in Tamil Nadu and southeastern states. In Tamilnadu Makara Sankranthi is celebrated as Pongal. Onam in Kerala and Bihu in Assam are also celebrated.
- Makara Sankranthi is celebrated in Karnataka during the winter season. Yellu Bella is made in the main dish at this festival.
- Talk to the elders in your family and find out if there were some special food cooked earlier, that is not cooked anymore?
Ans. After talking to the elders of my family, my mother told me that there were no special food items which were made earlier and are not made anymore.
- Find out about the crops – cereals, vegetables, and pulses that are grown in your area. Of these, is there anything famous across the country?
Ans. The crops grown in our area include wheat, maize, apple, vegetables and rajma. Our country is famous for wheat.
Discuss Page No. 129
- The bajra seed saw differences in the way Damjibhai and Hasmukh did farming (for example in irrigation, ploughing etc.) What were these differences?
Ans. The bajra seed saw the following differences in the way Damjibhai and Hasmukh did farming:
Damjibhai followed the traditional method of farming. He used bullocks to plough the field. He stored some grains aside to be used as seeds. Dhamjibhai and other farmers used to grow different kinds of crops – grains and vegetables according to the season. Sometimes they also grew cotton.
Hasmukh on the other hand is following modern methods of farming. He has a tractor to plough fields. He is using an electric motor water pump for irrigating the crops. He is growing only those crops which can be sold easily in the market.
- Hasmukh said, “With profits from our fields, we can progress.” What is your understanding of ‘progress’?
Ans. By progress, I understand, a better and improved living standard, a better house to live in, a good standard of food, and a good education system in schools. Progress means well-equipped hospitals, better roads, good transport system. A better lifestyle is achieved with good earnings so an increase in earnings is progress in a real sense
Write Page No 129
- What kind of progress would you like to see in your area?
Ans. I would like to see the following progress in my area:
(a) Good schools.
(b) Better roads and communication systems.
(c) Well-equipped hospitals.
(d) Good recreational places for enjoyment and entertainment.
Discuss and Think Page No. 130
- What can happen to Hasmukh’s farm after some years?
Ans. After some years Hasmukh’s farm will lose fertility because Hasmukh is using chemical fertilizers. He may fall into a debt trap as he has taken loans to buy a tractor, seeds and fertilizers for his crops. He may not be able to properly work on his farm because the income he generates from agricultural produce is decreasing with each passing year.
- Damhibhai’s son Hasmukh chose to become a farmer like his father, Hasmukh’s son Paresh is not a farmer, but a truck driver. Why would he have done so?
Ans. Paresh felt that his father was at loss in farming. The bank loans were yet to be repaid. In modern days farming had become very expensive with little profit. Therefore, Paresh decided to switch to a new occupation to repay the bank loans and earn better he started working as a truck driver.
- The seeds were not sure that what Hasmukh was talking about was really progress? What do you feel?
Ans. According to me, seeds were correct in their thinking because although Hasmukh adopted new methods of farming but have not resulted in progress. He purchased costly fertilizers and insecticides for crops which were affecting the soil and making it barren over time. He also grew crops like cotton and wheat which could be sold in the market to gain money, but there was no profit and Hasmukh also took a loan from the bank which is to be repaid. He used an electric pump to draw water from the earth which has decreased the level of the water table inside the earth and drought has increased. Though we feel that farming is improved in a real sense it is not progressing.
4: Have there been any changes near your area, which may be difficult to call ‘progress’? What changes are these? What are the different opinions about them?
Ans. Yes, there are several changes in our area, which may be difficult to call progress. Some examples are here:
- Better road connectivity and increased traffic have made it easier to reach far-off places but it has also increased the level of pollution to an alarming rate.
- There are several machines of daily household usage like washing machines, vacuum cleaners, and A.C. for cooling rooms that have made life easier but are also damaging our environment badly.
- Heavy construction machines have made the work easier but also have consumed the jobs of so many people.
- The computer is a great invention and has the ability to finish the work in a short time but also has rendered several people jobless.
Project Page No. 131
- What questions come to your mind about farmers and farming? Write some questions in your group and ask a farmer. For example, how many crops do they grow in a year? Which crop needs how much water?
Ans. Here are the following questions which come to my mind about farmers and farming:
Student: Since how long you have been farming?
Farmer: I have been farming for the last 22 years now.
Student: How many crops do you grow usually in a year.
Farmer: I grow several crops in my fields like maize, vegetables, fruits etc.
Student: Which are the main crops you grow in your field?
Farmer: The main crops in my fields are maize and vegetables.
Student: Which are the other crops you grow in your field?
Farmer: I also grow mustard, peas and some vegetables.
Student: How do you irrigate your field?
Farmer: I use the water from the canal.
- Visit a farm near your area. Observe and talk to the people there. Write a report.
Ans. Students have to do it themselves.
Journey of a Bajra Seed—From a Field to a Plate
- What can you see in each picture?
Ans. Picture 1: A lady is separating and taking out the cobs from the bajra crops.
Picture 2: The bajra cobs are kept in a mortar for crushing by a pestle to separate grains from the cobs.
Picture 3: The separated bajra seeds are kept on a plate.
Picture 4: A lady is grinding bajra seeds to make flour using chakki (grinding stone).
Picture 5: Bajra flour is kept on a plate.
Picture 6: Dough has been made from bajra flour.
Picture 7: Chapatti is made from dough.
Picture 8: Chapatti is being cooked on tawa.
Picture 9: Chapattis kept in a plate.
- What technology could have been used to cut the stem in picture 1?
Ans. The sickle is used to cut the stem and separate the cob from the plant in picture 1.
- What do you think is being done in the grinder (chakki) in picture 4?
Ans. In picture 4, chakki is used to grind bajra seeds to produce bajra flour
What We Have Learnt Page No. 133
- There have been many changes over time, in our food. What can this mean? Use the seed story and what you know from your elders to explain.
Ans. There have been many changes over time in food such as:
(1) Earlier people used to eat a variety of food grains like bajra, jawar, wheat etc, for making flour but now we are eating mainly wheat.
(2) In earlier days we used to grind grains of wheat or bajra in chakki at home or in our locality but now we buy flour directly from the market.
(3) In earlier times the old seeds were stored and grown in the next year. Nowadays new seeds are brought from the market every year.
(4) Earlier the foods were eaten in very simple forms, not very much spicy and overheated.
- What would happen if all the farmers were to use only one kind of seed and grow only one kind of crop?
Ans. If all the farmers will grow only one kind of seeds and crops, the situation will be scary because we will get only one kind of crop and we cannot eat one kind of crop only. Moreover, growing the same kind of seeds and crops on the same land will take the same minerals from the soil each time and as a result, the soil will be deprived of these minerals.
That’s it about A Seed Tells A Farmer’s Story Class 5 Question Answers. Hope you got your answers. Do share your views about this post in the comment section below.