The Chapter “From Tasting to Digesting” is about different tastes of food and their digestion. In this post, I am discussing Chapter 2 From Tasting to Digesting Class 5 Question Answers for students of JKBOSE. You can also read my earlier post where I have detailed you about Class 5 Chapter 1 Super Senses Chapter Notes. Let’s get started with this post:
The chapter “From Tasting to Digesting” describes different tastes of food items, how we taste food items, how food digests. We also came to know about a balanced diet and the harms of not having a proper diet.
From Tasting to Digesting Class 5 Question Answers
Discuss and Write Page No. 16
- Radha’s mouth started watering when she heard the word imli. When does your mouth water? List five things you like to eat and describe their taste.
Ans. My mouth waters when I see tasty, especially spicy foods and sour items. The five things that I like to eat and their taste:
|Name of Food item||How it tastes|
- Do you like only one kind of taste or different ones? Why?
Ans. I like to taste different things because tasting the same things over and again makes me feel bored of the same taste.
- Radha put a few drops of lemon juice in Madhu’s mouth. Do you think we can make out the taste with just a few drops?
Ans. Yes, a few drops of sour things like lemon juice are enough to make out the taste.
- If someone were to put a few seeds of saunf (aniseed) on your tongue, would you be able to tell with your eyes closed? How?
Ans. Yes, we can recognize the saunf with our eyes closed and even without tasting it because of its unique smell.
- How did Madhu make out the fried fish? Can you guess the names of certain things only by their smell, without seeing or tasting them? What are these things?
Ans. Madhu make out the fried fish with help of its smell. Yes, there are certain things that I can make out without seeing or tasting. These are 1) Saunf 2) Orange 3) Lemon 4) Desi ghee 5) Dhania 6) Samosa 7) Curd 8) Mint 9) Garlic 10) Onion etc.
- Has anyone ever told you to close your nose before taking medicine? Why do you think they tell you to do this?
Ans. Sometimes we get the complete taste of a food item from its smell. We are told to close our nose before taking medicine if it is bitter so that we can easily take it.
Close your eyes and tell Page No. 17
Collect a few food items having different kinds of tastes. Play a game with your friends as Madhu and Radha did. Tell your friend to taste the food and ask–
- How did it taste? What was the food item?
Ans. It tastes sweet. The food item was sugar (we suppose)
- On which part of the tongue could you get the most taste – in front, at the back, on the left or right side of the tongue?
Ans. We get most of our tastes from the front part of our tongue. We also get a taste from the back and the side part of the tongue because different parts of the tongue have different taste zones.
- Which taste could be made out on which part of the tongue? Mark these parts in the picture given.
- One at a time put some things to eat in other parts of your mouth – under the tongue, on the lips, on the roof of the mouth. Did you get any taste there?
Ans. No, we can’t get the taste of food from other parts of the mouth.
- Use a clean cloth to wipe the front part of your tongue so that it is dry. Put some sugar or jaggery there. Could you taste anything? Why did this happen?
Ans. No, I could not taste anything. It is because the tongue is dry, e get the taste of food when it mixes with saliva and reaches the taste buds on our tongue.
- Stand in front of a mirror and look closely at your tongue. How does the surface look? Can you see any tiny bumps on the surface?
Answer: The surface of the tongue looks rough to see. And yes, I can see tiny bumps on the surface. These are taste buds and helps us in identifying the taste of different food items
Tell Page No. 18
- If someone asks you to describe the taste of amla or cucumber, you might find it difficult to explain. How would you describe the taste of these – tomato, onion, saunf, garlic? Think of words that you know or make up your own words to describe the taste.
|Name of Food item||How it tastes|
|Tomato||Sweet-sour and juicy|
|Saunf||Sweet with pungent smell|
|Garlic||Bitter with pungent smell|
- When Madhu tasted some of the things, she said “Sssee, sssee, sssee…” What do you think she may have eaten?
Ans. She might have eaten something spicy that has chilly in it.
- Why don’t you make sounds that describe some tastes? From your expressions and sounds ask your friends to guess what you might have eaten.
|Expressions and Sounds||Food item|
|Yum-yum||Sweet items- chocolates, ice cream etc.|
|Licking sound||Pickle or something sour|
|Sucking sound||Anything cold like an ice-cream|
|Slurp||Noodles or Kheer|
Discuss Page No. 19
- Has anyone at home told you to eat slowly and to chew well so that the food digests properly? Why do you think they say this?
Answer: Yes, my mother keeps telling me to eat slowly and chew properly. Because properly chewed food is swallowed easily and digests well.
- Imagine you are eating something hard like green guava. What kinds of changes take place in it–from the time you bite a piece and put it in your mouth to when you swallow it?
Ans. When we eat something hard like green guava, it is hard and tastes a bit bitter. However, after chewing it properly, it becomes soft and sweet.
- Think about what does the saliva in our mouth do?
Ans. Saliva mixes with food and makes it food soft and also helps in swallowing it easily and it also has digestive juices which help in digestion of food.
Straight from the heart
Where do you think the food must be going after you put it in your mouth and swallow it? In the picture given here, draw the path of the food through your body. Share your picture with your friends. Do all of you have similar pictures?
Discuss Page No. 19
- How do you feel when you are very hungry? How would you describe it? For example, sometimes we jokingly say, “I am so hungry I could eat an elephant!”
Ans. I feel a bit tired and dizzy when I am very hungry. Besides, I feel an empty sensation in the stomach and want to eat something immediately.
- How do you come to know that you are hungry?
Ans. When I feel a strong urge to eat something and my stomach feels empty, we came to know that we are hungry.
- Think what would happen if you do not eat anything for two days?
Ans. If we do not eat anything for two days, we will become weak and feel tired when we try to work. Also, we may fall ill.
- Would you be able to manage without drinking water for two days? Where do you think the water that we drink goes?
Ans. No, I will not be able to manage without drinking water for two days. Water is necessary for our body. The water we drink reaches all the parts of the body where it is used in metabolic activities. Some water comes out of our body in the form of sweat and urine.
Talk and Discuss Page No. 21
- Nitu’s father also made this and gave her. Why do you think this is given to someone who has vomiting and loose motions?
Ans. We lose the quantity of water, salts and sugar in our body when we have vomiting and loose motions. To make up for this loss a solution of sugar and salt is given to the person suffering from vomiting or loose motions.
- Have you heard the word ‘glucose’, or seen it written anywhere? Where?
Ans. Yes, I have seen the word ‘glucose’ written in glucose packets and biscuit packets. I have also seen it in T.V advertisements.
- Have you ever tasted glucose? How does it taste? Tell your friends.
Ans. Yes, I have tasted glucose. It is very sweet in taste.
- Have you or anyone in your family been given a glucose drip? When and why? Tell the class about it.
Ans. Yes, once my aunt had vomiting and loose motions. The doctor said my stomach her upset and her stomach was not keeping any food and water as a result she became very weak. Then, she was given a glucose drip, that gave her some strength quickly, even without eating.
- Nitu’s teacher used to tell the girls to have glucose while playing hockey. Why do you think she did this?
Ans. There is a continuous loss of salts and water due to sweating while playing hockey. Glucose solution provides instant energy, that is why the teacher used to tell the girls to have glucose while they were playing hockey.
- Look at Nitu’s picture and describe what is happening. How is the glucose drip being given?
Ans. In the picture, a glucose drip is given to Nitu. A nurse is attending Nitu. The glucose bottle is hanging on a stand and from there drop by drop glucose is being given using a tube and a needle.
Discuss Page No. 25
- Why do you think Ruby could eat only one roti in the whole day?
Ans. Ruby could eat only one roti in a whole day because she was from a poor family. Her family could not afford to buy more food so she had only one roti.
- Do you think Sahil would like games and sports?
Ans. I don’t think Sahil like games and sports because he is flabby and fat. If he would have liked sports he would have been fit.
- What do you understand by “Proper” food?
Ans. The “proper” food means balanced food which has all the essential nutrients of the body like proteins, vitamins and minerals in proper amounts.
- Why do you think that the food of Ruby and Sahil was not proper?
Ans. The food eaten by Ruby and Sahil was not proper food. Ruby is not getting an adequate amount of food while Sahil is not eating home-cooked food and is interested in junk foods like chips, pizzas, burgers and soft drinks etc.
Find Out Page No. 25
Talk with your grandparents or elderly people and find out what they ate and what work they did when they were of your age. Now think about yourself – your daily activities and your daily diet. – Are these similar or different from what your grandparents did and ate?
Ans. My grandparents told me they used to have dal, green leafy vegetables, milk, fresh fruits in their diet. They used to do more physical activities like working in fields. They used to walk several miles to reach the school. The games they played had more physical activities. But now, the time has changed I too eat vegetables, fruits along with that we eat a lot of junk food, go to school by bus, in the free time we play indoor games by watching TV, where there are very less or no physical activities. Hence, we can say some things are quite similar, while others are different from what our grandparents ate and did.
Think and discuss Page No. 26
- Do you know any child who does not get enough to eat in the whole day? What are the reasons for this?
Ans. Yes, I know a few children living in the slum areas who do not get enough food to eat in the whole day. They are from a poor family who cannot afford a proper meal.
- Have you ever seen a godown where a lot of grain has been stored? Where?
Ans. Yes, I have seen an FCI godown in my hometown that stores a lot of grains in it.
What we have learnt Page No. 26
- Why can you not taste food properly when you have a cold?
Ans. We get a proper taste of food only when we can also smell it. When we are having a cold, our nose gets blocked and we cannot sense the sense of smell or taste. Hence, we cannot taste food properly.
- If we were to say that “digestion begins in the mouth”, how would you explain this? Write.
Ans. Yes, digestion begins at the mouth, our teeth break down food into smaller pieces which is easy to digest. Also, saliva has digestive juices which break down larger molecules of food into smaller and simpler ones. So, we can say that digestion begins in the mouth.
That’s all we have about From Tasting to Digesting Class 5 Question Answers. Hope this post has helped you for your query. Do share your views in the comments.