Hello Readers, Welcome to the Class 8th English Solutions section of our website. “Global Warming A Catastrophe in the Making” is Chapter 3 from Tulip Series English for Class 8th students of JKBOSE. Today, in this post I am providing you with Global Warming A Catastrophe in the Making Question Answers. Earlier I provided you with the Summary and Word Meaning for Class 8th English Chapter 2 Life. Let’s begin with difficult words from this chapter and their meanings.
Global Warming A Catastrophe in the Making Question Answers
The chapter “Global Warming A Catastrophe in the Making” is about the manmade catastrophe “Global Warming”. It is affecting our whole earth and life on it and its devastating effects are now evident. The chapter discusses the impact of global warming in the context of Jammu and Kashmir particularly.
Working With the Text
1. Why has the earth’s average surface temperature increased?
Ans. The average temperature of the earth has increased due to excessive global warming which is caused due to accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The greenhouse gases are produced by human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation.
2. Why the Himalayan region is called the ‘Water Tower of Asia’?
Ans. The Himalayan region is called the ‘Water Tower of Asia’ because it has a glacial cover on an area of 33,000 sq. km. Due to this glacial cover, it provides about 8.6 million cubic water annually which sources of several rivers and streams in the subcontinent. This water supports the economy of many countries in Asia like India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, China and Afghanistan etc.
3. What are the main sources of water in the Kashmir valley?
Ans. The main sources of water in Kashmir valley are floodplain lakes, high-altitude Himalayan lakes, perennial rivers of the Indus system, wetlands, ponds, snow-fed streams, springs and reservoirs etc. In addition to this, the main source of water which is a source of many rivers and streams in the valley is the Kolhai glaciers.
4. Why is water the most precious natural resource?
Ans. Water is the most precious natural resource because we need it in almost every basic function of our life. It is needed both by plants and animals for their survival on earth. Without water, the earth will be a lifeless planet. Water is useful for our economy, development and livelihood. We can live without food for some days but we cannot live without water for more than a couple of days.
5. How has Kashmir been influenced by global warming?
Ans. Kashmir has been adversely affected due to global warming. The glaciers in the Kashmir region are receding at a faster rate. There is a reduction in snowfall and a change in the pattern of precipitation and seasons. The frequency of flooding has increased. The occurrence of high-velocity storms in the valley has increased. It causes the devastation of crops and fruits thus affecting the livelihood of many people. All these changes are due to global warming.
6. How is global warming the largest threat to humanity?
Ans. Global warming is the largest threat to humanity and all the living organisms on the earth. It is a reason behind the fast melting of glaciers which will result in a rise in sea level which will result in the submergence f low-lying areas. It has changed the precipitation and seasonal pattern of the globe. There is an increased scarcity of water on earth due to droughts and shrinking water resources. Global warming is affecting the livelihood of many people. In this way, it is one of the major threats to humanity.
7. What do you think, is the cause of a decrease in snowfall in Kashmir?
Ans. Global warming is the cause of decreased snowfall in Kashmir because it changes the precipitation and climatic pattern of an area.
8. What has been the impact of global warming on J & K so far?
Ans. Global warming is impacting J & K adversely. It can be seen that glaciers are melting at a faster rate than before. The demarcation between seasons that was well-defined a decade ago, has vanished. It is now difficult to distinguish between autumn and winter. The occurrence of high velocity has increased. Flooding has increased in the region. All these changes are due to global warming.
9. What role do the scientists play in J & K to deal with the problem of global warming?
Ans. The scientists have the Kolhai glacier in the Lidder valley as one of the index glaciers for long-term monitoring. With its help, the scientists will conduct studies on the glacier which will last for five years. After this period, TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute) J&K will recommend measures to bring down the recession rate of the glacier. Scientists can also alert the public about dangers which will harm them due to global warming.
10. What do we, as individuals, need to do to deal with the problem of global warming?
Ans. As individuals, we must make efforts to minimise the level of pollution, which results in the emission of greenhouse gases. These gases are one of the major gases of global warming. We can create awareness about the effects of global warming in the public.
Global Warming Class 8th Language Work
I. Look at the following sentences:
- The hunter killed a redbird.
- We saw a beautiful red bird in the forest.
In sentence 1 above, the underlined word, i.e., redbird is a compound which is the name of a bird; while in sentence 2, the underlined words, i.e., red and bird is a phrase which means a bird whose colour is red. A compound combines two or sometimes more different words. Compounds can be written either as one word or as separate words.
Now Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with appropriate compound word/s or phrases from the box below:
|White House/white house, Green House/greenhouse, Black box/black box, Stronghold/stronghold, White-collar/whitecollar|
- a) We live in a beautiful ___________
- b) My uncle has built a ___________ next to his house, where he grows vegetables in winter.
- a) Most Ph.D.’s only preferred ___________ jobs.
- b) He was wearing a pink shirt with a ___________ .
- a) We live in a ___________ near the mosque.
- b) The president of America lives in the ___________ .
- a) My wife keeps her jewellery in a ___________ .
- b) The ___________ has been found. It will now be possible to find out why the plane crashed.
- a) He has a ___________ on his wife.
- b) The southern part of the state is a ___________ of the robbers.
- a) We live in a beautiful Green House.
- b) My uncle has built a greenhouse next to his house, where he grows vegetables in winter.
- a) Most PhDs only preferred white-collar jobs.
- b) He was wearing a pink shirt with a white collar.
- a) We live in a white house near the mosque.
- b) The president of America lives in the White House.
- a) My wife keeps her jewellery in a black box.
- b) The blackbox has been found. It will now be possible to find out why the plane crashed.
- a) He has a strong hold on his wife.
- b) The southern part of the state is a stronghold of the robbers.
- Use the following phrases or expressions from the lesson in your own sentences.
in progress, uncontrollable rate, across the globe, in the backdrop on, at an alarming rate, an irritating change, bereft of, dried up, at the global level, heavy burden.
- In progress: The construction work of a new building is in progress.
- Uncontrollable rate: The pollution in our country is increasing at an uncontrollable rate.
- Across the globe: Global warming is one of the major threats across the globe.
- In the backdrop of: The leaders are luring the public in the backdrop of coming elections.
- At an alarming rate: The prices of household commodities are increasing at an alarming rate.
- An irritating change: There is an irritating change in the behaviour of politicians after the elections.
- Bereft of: A large number of children in India are bereft of basic education due to poverty.
- Dried up: The seasonal river got dried up in the dry season.
- At a global level: The strategies to control pollution should be implemented at a global level.
- Heavy burden: The present-day child has a heavy burden of the school curriculum.
III. Other effects of global warming include heat waves, droughts, heavy rainfall, species extinction, etc.
In the above sentence, the word nearest in meaning to ‘extinction’ is ‘destruction’. Words having the same or nearly the same meaning are called synonyms.
In each of the following sentences, a word has been italicized. Choose the synonym of the word from the four options given.
- The sporadic rise in his temperature has caused us much worry.
Ans. c. Irregular
- The reading of poetry is not congenial to his state.
Ans. a. Suited
- The weavers have to do monotonous work.
Ans. a. Repetitive
- The fishing pulled away from the wharf and chugged smoothly down the bay.
Ans. c. Quay
Global Warming Class 8th Grammar Work
Look at the following sentences:
- He loved cycling.
- They stared at her without blinking.
In the above sentences, the words in bold – cycling and blinking are apparently present participles or ‘-ing’ forms of verbs, but in the above sentences, these words function as both verbs and nouns, and they are as such called Gerunds or Verbal Nouns.
As both the Present Participle and the Gerund end in -ing’, they must be carefully distinguished. The Gerund functions as a verb and a noun, while the Present Participle functions as a verb and an adjective; it is called a Verbal Adjective.
Now, in the following sentences, use either infinitive or gerund in order to make them correct:
- __________ is good for health. (to laugh/ laughing)
Ans. Laughing is good for health.
- Our turn ____________ over, we left the library. (be/ being)
Ans. Our turn being over, we left the library.
- The old woman tried __________ to the hospital alone. (to go/ going)
Ans. The old woman tried to go to the hospital alone.
- ________ late for school is his habit. (to be/ being)
Ans. Being late for school is his habit.
- Hina, __________ completed her work, left home. (to have/ having)
Ans. Hina, having completed her work, left home.
- _______ music is her hobby. (to listen/ listening)
Ans. Listening to music is her hobby.
- I like _________ Arabic literature. (to read, reading)
Ans. I liked to read Arabic literature.
- His only aim was __________ . (to cheat/ cheating)
Ans. His only aim was to cheat.
- _________ is not allowed here. (to fish/ fishing)
Ans. Fishing is not allowed here.
- Children love _________ mud houses. (to make/ making)
Ans. Children love to make mud houses.
- If there is a water body in your neighbourhood, write a paragraph on it.
Ans. Activity for students.
- What preparations/rehearsals have Disaster Management Groups of your school made to meet any eventuality in the institution?
Ans. Students have to answer it themselves.
That’s it for Global Warming A Catastrophe in the Making Question Answers. Hope you find it useful. Do share your views about this post in the comment section below.
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