Macbeth is the shortest tragedy written by William Shakespeare. Today, in this post I am providing you with Macbeth Class 7 Question Answers and Explanation. In my previous post, I have detailed to you with Summary and Word Meaning of Chapter 5 Macbeth. I will discuss complete Question Answers of Macbeth, Language Work, Grammar Work, Let’s Write and Line by Line Explanation of Macbeth in this post. Let’s begin.
Macbeth Class 7 Question Answers and Explanation
The play Macbeth revolves around the main character “Macbeth” who was told by the witches to be the King of Scotland. He murdered King Duncan to be the king but his greed for power and over-ambitious approach led to his downfall and he was finally killed by Macduff.
Macbeth Question Answers Class 7
Working with the Text
1. Who was Macbeth?
Ans. Macbeth was King Duncan’s General. He was named Thane of Glamis. He became the King of Scotland after killing King Duncan.
2. What did the witches tell Macbeth?
Ans. The witches told Macbeth that he would be the King of Scotland in future and they told Banquo that his descendants will be kings but he will not.
3. How did Lady Macbeth come to know about the strange procession of events?
Ans. Lady Macbeth came to know about the strange procession of events through a letter written by her husband Macbeth. The letter informed Lady Macbeth about her husband’s encounter with three witches and their prediction of him becoming the king.
4. How did she help Macbeth in murdering King Duncan?
Ans. Lady Macbeth retorted to Macbeth by calling him a coward. She also encouraged him to kill the king and become the king. She suggested shifting the blame for the murder to the king’s grooms by smearing them with blood from the murder weapons.
5. Who were the only possible witnesses of the murder?
Ans. The king’s grooms were the only possible witnesses of the King’s murder.
6. Why did the two princes escape from Scotland?
Ans. The two princes escaped from Scotland due to fear of getting killed by the new King Macbeth.
7. Why did Macbeth seek out the witches and what did he learn from them?
Ans. Macbeth seeks out the witches to learn about his fate in the future because Banquo’s ghost haunts him. The witches told him to be aware of Macduff and also that none of the women born can harm him. They also said that he can’t be defeated until Birnam Wood goes against him.
8. What happened to Lady Macbeth?
Ans. Lady Macbeth lost control over her mind and got mad. She sleepwalks and speaks of ‘unnatural deeds. Finally, she died in Dunsinane castle near the Birnam Wood.
9. Why did Macbeth feel, himself safe though his army was defeated?
Ans. Macbeth felt, himself safe though his army was defeated because he remembered the words of the witches who told him that he will not be harmed by any woman born.
Look at these sentences:
- He has a lot of land and many servants.
- He has some land and some servants.
In the first sentence, a lot of is used with an uncountable noun, i.e., land and many is used with a countable noun, i.e., servants while in the second sentence some is used with both uncountable and countable nouns, i.e., land and servants.
Now use, a lot of, many or some in the following sentences:
- She received _______ money.
- The farmer had _______ clothes.
- My brother purchased _______ books.
- The thieves stole _______ furniture.
- Shakespeare wrote _______ plays.
- They ate _______ meat.
- I wish I had _______ wealth.
- She read _______ stories during winter vacation.
- They bought _______ carpets.
- You need _______ courage to do this work.
- She received a lot of money.
- The farmer had many clothes.
- My brother purchased some books.
- The thieves stole a lot of furniture.
- Shakespeare wrote many plays.
- They ate a lot of meat.
- I wish I had a lot of wealth.
- She read many stories during winter vacation.
- They bought some carpets.
- You need a lot of courage to do this work.
Look at this sentence:
The patient had been crying all night, but no one came to help him.
In the above sentence, the underlined words are in the past perfect continuous tense.
The tense in this sentence is used to indicate an action that began in the past and was completed in the past, but the emphasis is on the continuity of the action and time.
Now use the Past Perfect Continuous Tense of the verbs in brackets in the following sentences.
- When I joined this office, she ______________ here for ten months.
- They ______________ all night, but we didn’t care.
- They ______________ there for a year before you came.
- I ______________ all day, so I was tired in the evening.
- The baby ______________ all night, so the mother was awake.
- The machine ______________ continuously for ten hours but nothing happened to it.
- She ______________ so she slept in the afternoon.
- The children ______________ all night; still, they didn’t sleep during the day.
- The sisters ______________ since/from evening, so they went to bed without food.
- The football teams ______________ for three hours, but none won the match.
- When I joined this office, she had been working here for ten months.
- They had been barking all night, but we didn’t care.
- They had been living there for a year before you came.
- I had been working all day, so I was tired in the evening.
- The baby had been weeping all night, so the mother was awake.
- The machine had been working continuously for ten hours but nothing happened to it.
- She had been cooking since/from the morning, so she slept in the afternoon.
- The children had been reading all night; still, they didn’t sleep during the day.
- The sisters had been quarrelling since/from evening, so they went to bed without food.
- The football teams had been playing for three hours, but none won the match.
Write a few lines on the characters of Lady Macbeth and Macbeth.
Lady Macbeth: Lady Macbeth was braver than her husband. She wishes her husband to be in a good position. She prepares her husband to kill the King and escape being doubted. She told Macbeth that this is possible by smearing blood on the grooms. She is brutal, ambitious and cunning. It is she who prepares her husband to do the crime.
Macbeth: He is an ambitious man. He wanted to be the King. He depends on his wife for the plan to kill Duncan and get the throne. He is not prepared for the murder and but his wife persuaded him. He has not the courage to kill the king because he is not as brave as his wife. His craving and mad ambition lead to his defeat.
Macbeth Class 7 Line by Line Explanation
The play opens with the three witches who intend to meet Macbeth, Thane of Glamis.
Explanation: The play opens with the three witches’ plans to meet Macbeth who was Thane of Glamis.
Macbeth, King Duncan’s general and Banquo return victorious from war and encounter the three witches on a heath. They predict that Macbeth will be the king. To Banquo, they say, ‘Thou shalt get kings, though thou shall be none.’
Explanation: Macbeth King Duncan’s 1st general and Banquo King Duncan’s 2nd general were returning from their victorious campaign in the war when they met these three witches on barren land. The witches predict Macbeth to be the future king of Scotland while for Banquo they said Banquo’s descendants will be kings but not him.
The witches disappear before they could be questioned further. In the meantime, the king’s messengers arrive. Macbeth is to receive the title and possessions of Thane of Cawdor who has proved a traitor in the rebellion and is under sentence of death. Upon learning that he is the new Thane of Cawdor, Macbeth begins to entertain the idea that the witches’ words may prove true. Banquo observes that Macbeth is absorbed by the possibilities raised by the prophecy.
Explanation: Macbeth and Banquo wanted to ask more questions from witches before they could do so. At the same time, the messenger from King Duncan arrives and gives him news that is going to receive the title and possession of Thane of Cawdor who proved to be a betrayer in the war and is ordered the sentence to death. When Macbeth receives this news, he starts thinking that the witch’s prediction may come true. Banquo saw Macbeth thinking about the prediction made by witches.
Macbeth begins to contemplate Malcolm, the prince, as an obstacle to his succession as king.
Explanation: Macbeth starts thinking of Malcolm as an obstacle in the way of his becoming the new King of Scotland.
At Inverness, Lady Macbeth reads a letter from her husband in which he informs her of his encounter with the witches and their prediction of him becoming a king. Lady Macbeth is sure that prophecy will come true but objects to Macbeth’s being full of the milk of human kindness.
Explanation: Lady Macbeth read the letter sent by her husband at their castle in Inverness in which he tells her about his meeting with the witches and the prediction they made about him becoming the king of Scotland in future. Lady Macbeth was sure about the prediction but she was angry with his too kind behaviour towards the people.
She reinforces Macbeth’s belief that the crown could be achieved by the shortest route, that is, by killing the king too.
Explanation: She encourages Macbeth’s belief and suggested that he can become king quickly by murdering King Duncan.
The king is a guest at Macbeth’s castle, and now Macbeth thinks over the consequences of assassinating the King. He shares with his wife the fear of proceeding further. Lady Macbeth retorts by calling him a coward. She tells him about her plan and how they will shift the blame on the king’s grooms by smearing them with blood from the murder weapons.
Explanation: When Macbeth is titled Thane of Cawdor, the King visits Macbeth’s castle at Inverness. Macbeth’s wife asks him to assassinate the king. He thinks about the aftermath of murdering the king and shares his fear with his wife who gets angry with him and calls him a coward. She tells him a plan about how to shift the blame for murdering the king on his grooms by smearing their swords with the king’s blood.
The murder is discovered by Macduff. Malcolm and his younger brother Donalbain are uneasy when they learn that the only possible witnesses – the grooms are dead. Macbeth confesses that he has killed them in rage at their crime. The two princes escape from Scotland and Macbeth assumes the crown.
Explanation: Macduff comes to know about the murder and raised alarm. The princes Malcolm and Donalbain feel unsafe when they find that possible witnesses of the murder are also murdered. Macbeth accepts to have killed them in anger. The princes escaped from Scotland to save their lives and Macbeth becomes the new King of Scotland.
Macbeth now plans Banquo’s murder but is displeased about Fleance’s escape. The ghost of Banquo now haunts Macbeth. He seeks out the witches and learns that he must beware of the Thane of Fife (Macduff) but he cannot be harmed by one ‘of woman born and that he will not be defeated until ‘Birnam Wood… shall come against him.
Explanation: Macbeth becomes the King of Scotland but he remains uncertain about his power and position as he remembers the prediction about Banquo’s descendants becoming the king. He plans to kill Banquo and his son Fleance. Banquo gets killed but his son Fleance escapes and it makes him very angry. The ghost of Banquo starts haunting him and he went to the witches who tell him to remain beware of Macduff (Thane of Fife) and also tells him that he can’t get killed by any man born of a woman until the Birnam Wood come against him in the war.
Finally, he is granted a vision of a line of kings and the last of them wears Banquo’s face. Macduff joins Malcolm in England, where the prince is raising an army to invade Scotland. Macbeth orders the murder of Lady Macduff and all her children.
Explanation: At last, he dreams of a line of kings and the last among the line was Banquo. Macduff (Thane of Fife) joins the prince Malcolm in England who is raising an army there to invade and capture Scotland. When Macbeth gets the information, he orders the killing of Lady Macduff and her children and captures his castle.
Lady Macbeth’s mind gives way. She sleepwalks and speaks of ‘unnatural deeds’. Macbeth with the invading army approaching fortifies Dunsinace castle near Birnam Wood. It is there that Lady Macbeth dies, while the soldiers of Malcolm and Macduff use branches of the trees of Birnam Wood as camouflage for their assault on the castle. Macbeth’s forces are defeated but he, remembering the witches’ words, believes himself invulnerable. He is killed by Macduff, the opponent who was not ‘of woman born’ but ‘was from his mother’s womb’ untimely brought out. Malcolm succeeds on the throne.
Explanation: Lady Macbeth develops a disease of walking in sleep and speaking about evil deeds. Macbeth waits for the approaching army in his castle near the Birnam Wood at Dunsinace. Lady Macbeth kills herself while the soldiers of Malcolm and Macduff use the branches of trees of Birnam Wood to shield themselves in war. Macbeth’s army is defeated by the English but he still believes in witches’ words and feels invulnerable. He is killed by Macduff who is born out of caesarean. After Macbeth’s death, Malcolm becomes the new King of Scotland.
That’s all we have about Macbeth Class 7 Question Answers and Explanation. Hope it helped. Do share your views in the comment section below.
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