Hello Readers, the chapter “The Markhor” is taken from Tulip Series English Textbook for students in Class 7 of JKBOSE. You have already read the Summary and Word Meaning of the Markhor in my earlier post. Today, in this post I am discussing The Markhor Class 7 Question Answers and Explanation. In this post, I am providing you with Working with text, Language Work, Grammar Work, Let’s Write solutions and an Explanation of the Chapter. You can also Check Solutions of all chapters of JKBOSE Class 7th English here. So, let’s not waste any more time and get started.
The Markhor Class 7 Question Answers and Explanation
The Chapter “The Markhor” is about a wild goat that is mainly found in the Pir Panjal range. It is an endangered species. The chapter provides detailed information about the animal. In the chapter, we find a teacher shares all the information about the markhor with the students.
The Markhor Class 7 Question Answers
Working with the Text
1. Where is the Markhor found?
Ans. Markhor is a giant goat found in wooded mountains at a height of 600 to 3500 metres. These mountains are found in Northern Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. In India, Markhor is found in the Pir Panjal mountain range.
2. What does ‘Markhor Mean?
Ans. The word Markhor is derived from two Persian words Mar means snake and Khor means eater. If we derive its meaning as such so Markhor means snake eater but it is a misnomer. Markhor is a vegetarian animal.
3. What are the dangers that the Markhor faces?
Ans. Markhor is an endangered animal. Its population is decreasing very rapidly. It faces the dangers of hunting, competition from domestic sheep and goats. It becomes prey for wolves, leopards and humans. Markhor is facing the danger of extinction, if it is not conserved properly soon it will get vanished from the earth.
4. Why does the Markhor climb cliffs?
Ans. Markhor climbs the high cliffs because it feels safe from humans and other predators. Also, it enjoys the morning sun and food (grass) for grazing.
5. What is the status of the Markhor?
Ans. Markhor is an endangered species. Its number is decreasing rapidly. There are only about 2000-4000 Markhors left in nature. If the conservation efforts are not maintained properly Markhor will get extinct in near future.
6. Give a physical description of the Markhor.
Ans. The physical description of Markhor is given below:
Length: 132 – 186cm / 4.4 – 6.2ft
Height: 65 – 115cm / 2.1 – 3.8ft
Tail Length: 8 –20cm / 3.2 – 8inch
Weight: 32 – 110kg / 70 – 242lb.
Make sentences from the given jumbled words:
- railway /we at/ meet/ will/station/the
Ans. We will meet at the railway station.
- cot /the/is/the/baby/ sleeping on
Ans. The baby is sleeping on the cot.
Ans. Old people walk very slowly.
- team/goals/our/five/easily /by/won
Ans. Our team won easily by five goals.
Ans. Students must be punctual.
- problems/taking /long/are/you/how/solve/to/the
Ans. How long you are taking to solve the problems?
- garden/flowers / not/do/from/ pluck/this.
Ans. Do not pluck flowers from this garden.
- animals/ many / strange / are/ there/ zoo/ the/ in
Ans. There are many strange animals in the zoo.
- chocolates/child/fond/very of /my / is
Ans. My child is very fond of chocolates.
- boy /has/ kidnapped /the / somebody
Ans. Somebody has kidnapped the boy.
You have read in the previous classes about the tenses. Recapitulate the same and fill in the blanks with appropriate tense forms of the verbs and modals wherever necessary.
- The sun _______ (rise) in the east.
- I _______ (take) milk every morning.
- Raja _______ (play) the piano.
- Simran is _______ (go) to join college next week.
- Rohit is _______ (swim) in the pool.
- It is _______ (rain) today.
- Seneen _______ (go) home tomorrow.
- I _______ (do) your work on Monday.
- Rafi promises me that he _______ (come) the next day.
- I _______ (see) a movie yesterday.
- He never _______ (work) hard, and therefore, failed.
- The teacher _______ (come) to the class at 10a.m. sharp.
- Suhail _______ look) at the flowers in the garden.
- He _______ (go) to crèche every day.
- She _______ (eat) bread and butter in the morning.
- He never _______ (trust) me.
- He _______ (come) with me to my aunt’s place yesterday.
- He _______ (come) with me to my uncle’s house tomorrow.
- She _______ (wear) a beautiful dress.
- She _______ (wear) out of fashion dresses.
- The sun rises (rise) in the east.
- I take (take) milk every morning.
- Raja plays (play) the piano.
- Simran is going (go) to join college next week.
- Rohit is swimming (swim) in the pool.
- It is raining (rain) today.
- Seneen will go/is going (go) home tomorrow.
- I will do/am doing (do) your work on Monday.
- Rafi promises me that he will come/ is coming (come) the next day.
- I saw (see) a movie yesterday.
- He never worked (work) hard, and therefore, failed.
- The teacher came (come) to the class at 10 a.m. sharp.
- Suhail is looking look) at the flowers in the garden.
- He goes (go) to crèche every day.
- She eats/ ate (eat) bread and butter in the morning.
- He never trusts (trust) me.
- He came (come) with me to my aunt’s place yesterday.
- He will come/is coming (come) with me to my uncle’s house tomorrow.
- She is wearing (wear) a beautiful dress.
- She wears (wear) out of fashion dresses.
- Write about the flora and fauna found in your area.
Ans. The flora of our area includes deodar, pine, apple, jasmine, rice, apricot, cherry plants etc.
The fauna of our area includes Leopard, crow, sparrow, ox, cow, buffalo, horse, wolf, parrot etc.
- Dachigam is a small sanctuary at Harwan in Kashmir protecting the Hangul. Write a short paragraph on Hangul.
Ans. It is also called as Kashmir stag. Hangul is a type of red deer. It is found in some parts of India and Pakistan. Its skin has a light rump patch on it while its coat is brown in colour. Each antler consists of five tines. The hangul lives in groups with each group having 2-18 members in it.
Hangul is an endangered species and is exposed to various threats. As per reports, there are only 237 (2019) hangul deer left on earth. The main threats to its survival are habitat destruction, over-grazing by domestic livestock, and poaching. If it is not conserved properly, we will soon lose this beautiful creature forever.
The Markhor Class 7 Line by Line Explanation
Shayan’s father was promoted and transferred to Leh (Ladakh) as headmaster and posted in Hemis-Shukpachan of Khalsi zone. Shayan accompanied his father to spend a couple of months with him in Ladakh. During his stay, Shayan visited various places such as the royal palaces and the Buddhist monasteries at Bazgo, Leh and Alchi in addition to Jamia Masjid’at Leh, Shah-i-Hamadan Masjid at Shey and Pangong lake.
Explanation: Shayan’s father Mr Lone was promoted as headmaster and was transferred to Leh. He was posted in Hemis-Shukpachan of Khalsi zone. Shayan went with his father stayed with his father for almost 2 months. During this time, he visited different royal and famous places in Leh. He also visited Buddhist monasteries in Bazgo, Leh and Alchi and also had a visit to Pangong Lake.
Shayan’s father, Mr Lone, lived in Sonam’s house as a paying guest. Shayan, a class VII student joined the same school and made friends with Sonam who had a keen interest in wildlife and expressed his concern about endangered species.
Explanation: Shayan’s father was living as paying guest in Sonam’s house. Shayan was a student in class 7th. He joined Sonam’s school and also developed a good friendship with Sonam who was very interested to know about various wild animals and was very concerned about the species which are in danger of extinction.
Sonam: Do you know anything about the Markhor?
Shayan: Oh! No. I don’t know anything about the Markhor. I have heard this name for the firsı time.
Sonam: Today, the teacher will tell us about this animal.
Teacher: Children, in class VI, you have learnt about the Bactrian Camel. Do you remember anything about it?
Students: Yes, Sir.
Teacher: O.K. Is the Bactrian Camel an endangered species?
Students: Yes, Sir. Its number is declining.
Teacher: Today we shall read about the Markhor. Hope you will enjoy the lesson.
Shayan: I am eager to know about the Markhor.
Explanation: The conversation begins with Sonam asking Shayan if he knows anything about Markhor. Shayad replied that don’t know anything about it and he had heard the name Markhor for the first time. Sonam said that teacher was going to tell them about Markhor that day. The teacher asked students if they remember about the Bactrian camel which was also an endangered species. The teacher said that they were going to read about the Markhor. Shayan replied that he was curious to know about the markhor.
Teacher: Markhors are giant goats that live on mountains at a height of 600 to 3500 m, i.e. 1900 to 11000 ft. These are found in wooded mountains in Northern Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. In India, these are found in the Pir Panjal Range.
Explanation: The teacher started reading, Markhors are very big wild goats that are found in the mountains having heights ranging from 600 – 3500 m. These are found in forest areas of the mountainous regions of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. In India, markhors are found in Pir Panjal Range.
Sonam: What is Pir Panjal?
Teacher: The Pir Panjal Range is the name of the mountains stretching between Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir and Pakistan. The Markhor is mainly active in the early morning and late afternoon. It often stands on its hind legs in order to reach high vegetation.
Explanation: Sonam asked about Pir Panjal Range. The teacher replied that Pir Panjal Range is a range of mountains stretching between Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir and Pakistan. The markhors are active mainly in the early morning and late afternoon. While eating it often stands on its hind legs to reach the high vegetation.
Shayan: What does ‘Markhor’mean?
Teacher: Markhor is derived from two Persian words mar – a snake, and khor – eater. To call these goats ‘Markhor’is somewhat puzzling. This is a very peculiar name, as these goats are vegetarian. However, their corkscrew horns are reminiscent of a snake’s winding body.
Students: Can we see the picture of a Markhor?
Teacher: Yes, I do have some pictures for you)
Explanation: Shayan asked about the meaning of the word Markhor. The teacher explained that the word Markhor was derived from two Persian words “mar” means snake and “khor” means eater. So, Markhor means snake eaters. But Markhors are vegetarian, so to call them markhors is confusing. The name is due to their corkscrew horns which match the winding body of a snake.
(The Teacher continues) The grizzled light brown to black coat is smooth and short in summer, and it grows longer and thicker in winter. Males have long hair on the chin, throat, chest, and shanks, while females are redder in colour, with shorter hair, a short black beard, and are maneless. The tightly curled, corkscrew horns are present in both sexes. In males, they can grow up to 160 cm/ 64 inches and up to 25 cm/10 inches in females,
Explanation: The teacher further explained the physical description of Markhor. Markhors have grey-haired light brown to black colour coat on their body which remains short and smooth in summers and grows longer and thicker in winter. The male animals have long hair on the chin, chest and shanks (part of the legs between knee and ankle). The females are reddish in colour, have shorter hair, a short black beard and are maneless (absence of long hair in the region). The corkscrew-shaped horns are found in both males and females however they are longer in males (160 cm/64 inches and shorter in females 25 cm/ 10 inches.
Teacher: Mating takes place in winter. The gestation period lasts between135 and 170 days and usually results in the birth of one or two kids, rarely three. Markhors live in flocks, usually numbering nine heads, consisting of adult females and their young ones. Adult males prefer isolation.
Explanation: The teacher told students that the process of mating to produce new young ones takes place in winter. They have a pregnancy period of 135-170 days. Markhors normally give birth to one or two babies and very occasionally they may give birth to three. The animals like to live in groups of nine. Each group had adult females and their young babies. The adult male markhors mainly live alone.
Students: What does the Markhor eat?
Teacher: Its diet changes seasonally: in spring and summer it grazes, grass, but turns to browsing in winter, i.e., they feed on leaves. They are herbivorous animals (grass-eating) However, these animals serve as prey for wolves, leopards and humans.
Explanation: The children asked about their diet. The teacher explained that Markhor changes its diet with changing seasons. In the summer season, Markhor eats grass while in winters it eats leaves. Markhor is a herbivore animal which means it eats grass and leaves. The Markhor serves as prey for wolves, leopards and human beings.
Shayan: Is it also an endangered species?
Teacher: Yes, like the Bactrian Camel its number is decreasing. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources has classified the Markhor as an endangered species, meaning it is in danger of facing extinction in the near future if conservation efforts are not maintained. There are around 2000 to 4000 Markhors existing in the wild.
Explanation: Shayan asked whether markhor is an endangered species or not. The teacher explained that like the Bactrian camel the number of Markhors is decreasing. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources has categorised Markhors as an endangered animal, which means that it is in danger of getting extinct soon if it is not conserved properly. There are around 2000 to 4000 Markhors present in the world.
Shayan: Sonam, I want to see Markhor.
Teacher: Pay attention, children. No side talks, please.
Shayan: (Thrilled with the detailed account of the Markhor, he asks Sonam enthusiastically). Can I see one?
Sonam: We shall have to plan a trip early in the morning to the upper reaches, where we can have a glimpse of Markhors from a close distance near a brook.
Explanation: Shayad expresses his desire to Sonam to see Markhor. The teacher asked students to be attentive in the class Shayan however asked Sonam if he can see a Markhor. Sonam replied that they have to go to the higher regions early morning to see the Markhors near a stream.
Shayan:(Excited by the idea) Oh dear! I will seek permission from Abu.
Shayan and Sonam waited eagerly for Sunday and to their delight, Shayan’s father made the arrangements (gurgur tea and local bread for breakfast, momos for lunch and two donkeys for riding). The group set out early in the morning and reached a cliff near a brook. Sonam was leading. She stopped all of a sudden and directed Shayan to dismount. Leaving the animals at a distance, the boys crept to the verge of the cliff.
Explanation: Shayan was so excited by the idea to see Markhor and told Sonam that he will seek permission from his father. Both Shayan and Sonam waited desperately for Sunday and Shayan’s father made arrangements for the trip. The arrangement has gurgur tea and local bread for breakfast, momos for lunch and two donkeys for riding. The group left for the trip very early in the morning and reached a high steep rock near the stream. Sonam was leading the group and suddenly he stopped and asked Shayan to step down from the cliff because there were Markhors at some distance. The boys crept to the edge of the rock
Sonam: Shayan! Come here, see a herd of Markhors near the brook down the cliff enjoying the morning sun. Hide yourself behind this rock so that they don’t get frightened. There were many male and female Markhors of different sizes. The unique sight mesmerised Shayan. The Markhors were barking in the sun: some drinking water, some grazing, some rubbing their bodies against rocks, some locking horns in enjoyment. Shayan longed to scream out of joy and astonishment. The boys enjoyed the sight for quite some time. Shayan could not resist the childish urge and threw pebbles at them. Alarmed, the Markhors suddenly ran away from the spot and vanished in the difficult cliffs.
Explanation: Sonam asked Shayan to come and have a look at the group of Markhors near the stream enjoying the morning. He asked him to hide so that the animals don’t get frightened after seeing him. There were many males and females of different sizes in the group. Some of them were barking, some were drinking water, some were grazing some of them were rubbing their bodies against rocks while some others were locking horns in happiness. Shayan wished to make a loud cry out of excitement. The boys looked at the Markhors for some time but Shayan could not control his desire threw stones at them. This alarmed the Markhors and they ran away from there.
Shayan: Sonam, can’t Markhors be domesticated?
Sonam: You have forgotten the lesson in which we recently read about them. The Markhor is a wild animal – an endangered species. Threats include hunting pressure, human warfare and increasing disturbance and competition from domestic goats and sheep. Despite international and nationwide protection, the population of the flare-horned Markhor is said to have been halved in the last twenty-five years.
Shayan: Oh! The Markhor needs to be preserved; otherwise, we will be deprived of a great wildlife treasure.
Explanation: At last, Shayan asked Sonam if Markhors can be domesticated. Sonam replied that he had forgotten the lesson they had read. The markhor is a wild animal and it is an endangered species. There are threats like hunting, human interference and competition from domestic sheep and goats. Although efforts are made to conserve it the population of Markhors have halved in the last twenty-five years. Shayan feels sad at this because if Markhor gets extinct we will get deprived of this great treasure.
That’s all we have about The Markhor Class 7 Question Answers and Explanation. Hope you have got answers to your query. Do share your views about this post in the comments section.