The chapter “A Visit to Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh” is based on Let’s Look Around and Learn Environmental Studies for students of Class 4 of JKBOSE. In the last post, you have already gone through Question Answers of Chapter 8 A Busy Month. In this post, I am providing you with Class 4 EVS Chapter 9 A Visit to Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh Question Answers and Notes. Let’s not waste much time and get started:
A Visit to Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh Questions
The Chapter A Visit to Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh is a description of different regions, cultures, festivals and occupations of people of three regions i.e. Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh.
Chapter 9 A Visit to Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh Question Answers
1. Name the Capital of Jammu and Kashmir?
Ans. Jammu and Kashmir have two capitals. Srinagar is the summer capital and Jammu is the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
2. Name the fruits available in Kashmir?
Ans. Fruits like almonds, apples, pears, grapes, and peaches are common in Kashmir.
3. What are the major crops of Jammu and Kashmir?
Ans. The major crops of Jammu and Kashmir are Paddy and Maize.
4. Which river flows through the Kashmir Valley?
Ans. The Jhelum river flows through Kashmir Valley.
- Fill in the blanks
(i) Jammu is situated on the banks of river _________.
(ii) The Summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir is _________.
(iii) The main food of Kashmir is _________.
(iv) Leh is an important city of _________ Union Territory.
(v) _________ river flows through Ladakh.
(vi) Priests of Buddhists are known as _________.
(i) Jammu is situated on the banks of river Tawi.
(ii) The Summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir is Srinagar.
(iii) The main food of Kashmir is Rice.
(iv) Leh is an important city of Ladakh Union Territory.
(v) Indus river flows through Ladakh.
(vi) Priests of Buddhists are known as Lamas.
A Visit to Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh Chapter Notes
People, Culture, and Festivals of the Jammu Region
- The people of Jammu are called Dogras. They speak the Dogri language and are known for their bravery.
- Jammu is the most important city in this region. It is situated on the banks of the Tawi river and is the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
- There are beautiful temples in the City so it is also known as the City of Temples. The famous Mansar lake is also situated in this region.
- The cave of Shri Mata Vaishno Devi is situated in the Trikuta hills. It is an important holy place for Hindus.
- The famous tourist spots viz Kud, Batote, Sanasar, Patnitop, Bhaderwah and Kishtwar are also situated in this region.
- Diwali, Eid, Holi and Gurpurav are the main festivals of the Jammu region.
Jammu and Kashmir National Highway
- The national highway from Jammu to Srinagar passes through hilly terrain.
- On both sides of the road, you find so many different kinds of trees. We see thick forests and narrow mountain roads. These roads have been built by cutting the mountains.
- The highway has tall mountains on one side and on the other side is the deep river.
- The Chenab River flows along the national highway. It flows through an awesome valley.
- During heavy rains, these roads often get blocked in some places. Many times, rocks and trees fall across the roads and block them.
- These roads get snowfall instead of rain in winter. So, heaps of snow block the roads here. On such occasions, it becomes necessary to clear and repair the roads quickly.
- On the mountain slopes on the other side of the road, Gujjar shepherds can be seen grazing buffaloes, goats and sheep.
- There is a tunnel that connects Jammu and Kashmir region. It is named after Jawahar Lal Nehru and is called Jawahar Tunnel. It is very dark inside the tunnel. It has been built by cutting through the long mountain.
- This is pivotal in moving the traffic throughout the year. Before the construction of the tunnel, one has to cross the mountain through Banihal Pass which mostly remains closed due to snow.
People, Culture, and Festivals of the Kashmir Region
- The Jhelum river flows through the Kashmir valley and also there are several lakes in the valley which adds to its beauty.
- The houses in the valley have slanting wooden roof because the valley experience heavy snowfall in winters and snow slips down easily from slanting roofs.
- The main crops grown in Kashmir are paddy and maize. Rice is the main food crop of Kashmir.
- People also rear sheep and earn a lot from selling them or selling their wool.
- The people in Kashmir are mostly tall and fair. The women of Kashmir are beautiful and hardworking.
- Both men and women in Kashmir put shalwar and pyjamas as their dress. They also put a long shirt with loose sleeves over the clothes. It is termed as pheran. The lady’s pherans have beautiful embroidery work done on them.
- The people in Kashmir use Kangri to keep themselves warm in winter. Kangri is a small earthen pot fixed in a cane basket. The burning coal is placed inside it.
- Kashmiri people are famous for their handicrafts. They do fine carvings on wood. They also make things with paper pulp and also do a lot of work on silver vessels.
- The blankets, carpets and shawls of Kashmir are famous all over the world. People of this area are also interested in music and dance. Their rouf dance is very popular.
- The Kashmir valley is thickly populated with the majority of them being Muslims. There are Hindus and Sikhs too. People here speak Kashmiri and Urdu. All these people live like brothers. Eid, Shivratri, Gurupurab and Christmas are their main festivals. They celebrate these festivals in a very grand manner.
- People grow almonds, apples, pears, grapes, peaches and saffron also.
- Tourists from far off places visit to see the beauty of Kashmir valley. They come here to spend their holidays and see important places. They enjoy their holidays visiting various places here. Many of these tourists in Kashmir like to stay in houseboats on the lakes.
- Srinagar is the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated on the banks of the river Jhelum.
- There are hundreds of beautiful boats moving on the river. These boats are very beautiful. They are called Shikaras. There are some big boats also. These boats are called houseboats.
- Dal lake is situated near Srinagar. There are floating gardens on this lake. The famous Nishat and Shalimar gardens are in the vicinity of Dal Lake. There are many artificial springs in these gardens.
- The Hazratbal mosque here is the most important holy place for Muslims.
- Shri Amarnath Ji temple is situated in the high mountains. It is an important centre for Hindu pilgrims.
- The famous tourist attractions Gulmarg and Pahalgam are also in Kashmir Valley.
People, Culture, and Festivals of the Ladakh Region
- The Ladakh region is a distant high plateau. Earlier, people used to come here on ponies. Now Jeeps and buses go easily to this place.
- Ladakh is a separate U.T. now. People here speak Ladakhi.
- Eid and Bud Purnima are their main festivals. The major fraction population of Ladakh is Buddhists. Their priests are known as Lamas.
- There are many viharas or monasteries in Ladakh.
- Very little cultivation is done in Ladakh due to the extremely cold climate.
- People of this U.T. rear goats, sheep and yak. They take milk and meat from these animals.
- People here wear heavy, warm woollen clothes because the winter in this part of the world is very severe. Villages are at long distances and are less populated.
- So, life is very difficult, yet people are cheerful, laughing, singing and dancing all the time.
- Leh is an important city of UT of Ladakh. There has been built one of the highest aerodromes in the world.
- The river Indus flows through this plateau. This river makes its way through a deep valley in the high mountains.
That’s all about A Visit to Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh Questions and Notes. Hope it has helped. Do share your views about this post in the comment section below.