The Chapter “Going to School” is about different ways by which children reach their schools in India. You have already read Question Answers of Going to School. This particular post is about Going to School Class 4th EVS Chapter Notes of all the chapters of Let’s Look Around and Learn Environmental Studies IV for students of JKBOSE. Let’s not waste much time and get started:
Going to School Class 4th EVS Chapter Notes
The main ways by which children go to school in our country are:
- Bamboo Bridge
- Cement Bridge
- Horse Cart
- Bicycle Ride
- Across the Jungle
- Moving on the Snow
- Rocky Paths
1. Bamboo Bridge
A Bamboo bridge is used by students to reach their schools in the areas which receive very high rainfall like Assam. Due to heavy rainfall water level rises to almost knee-high everywhere. So, children have to use the bamboo bridge to go to their schools.
- A Bamboo bridge is made by tying the bamboo sticks together using ropes.
- It is a temporary bridge made during the rainy season.
- It is used only for walking.
2. The Trolley
In the hilly areas where it is difficult to make bridges like in Ladakh, trolleys are used to cross the deep and wide rivers.
- A trolley is an open box made up of wood.
- There is a strong iron rope across the river and its both ends are tied tightly to rocks or trees.
- A trolley is attached with the ropes.
- About 4-5 children sit in the trolley and can cross the river at one time.
- A pulley is attached to the trolley and it helps the trolley to move across the rope and reach the other side of the river in a short period.
What is Pulley? Where it is used?
Ans. It is a simple wooden or metallic machine that uses a wheel and rope to lift heavy things or things to great heights.
A pulley is used to
- Lift heavy material at the construction sites.
- To draw water from the well.
- To hoist flags.
3. Cement Bridge
A cement bridge is a strong and wide bridge. It is used for walking by human beings, and animals. The vehicles like cars, buses, trucks etc. also use cement bridges.
- A cement bridge is stronger than a bamboo bridge.
- A cement bridge is made up of cement, sand, stones, iron rods etc.
Difference Between a Cement Bridge and a Bamboo Bridge
|Cement Bridge||Bamboo Bridge|
|A cement bridge is made of cement, sand, stones and iron bars. A bamboo bridge is made up of bamboo sticks and ropes.||A bamboo bridge is made up of bamboo sticks and ropes.|
|The cement bridge is strong and wide||The bamboo bridge is weak and temporary|
|A bamboo bridge is used to cross the waters.||Bamboo bridge is used by humans, animals and heavy vehicles like trucks, buses etc.|
A Shikara is a type of wooden boat found in dal lake and other water bodies in Kashmir. Children use shikara to reach their school in Kashmir.
5. A Horse Cart
A horse cart is a mechanized vehicle pulled by one or more horses. A horse-cart typically had two or four wheels and were used to carry passengers and/or a load. They were common in the past, but now they have mostly been replaced by automobiles and other forms of transport.
6. Bullock-Carts used in Village Plains
Children from the villages in the plain areas ride bullock-cart to reach their school. It is a bullock driven vehicle that goes slowly through the green fields.
- Most of the bullock-carts are without roofs but some of them have roofs.
- In the case of bright sunshine, children use umbrellas.
- The wheels of bullock-carts are made of wood having iron rims on them.
7. Bicycle Ride
Children use bicycles to reach their schools in plain areas where a school is at a far distance from their home.
The girls especially did not go to school because it was far but now using bicycles ride a group of 7-8 girls easily even through the difficult roads to reach their schools.
8. Children Cross the Jungle.
At several places, children have to cross thick forests on their way to school. The forest at some places is so thick that even sunlight does not pass through the trees.
The forest is a very silent place and we can only hear the sounds of different birds and animals.
9. Moving on the Snow
In the hilly or high-altitude region, where a heavy snowfall takes place, children have to go to school walking through the miles of snow.
- When snow is soft, the feet of children sink in the snow.
- When snow is frozen, it becomes slippery and the risk of slipping and falling increases.
- Children hold hands with one another and walk carefully on the snow.
10. Rocky Paths (Doda & Kishtwar)
The children living in the hilly regions of Doda and Kishtwar have to pass through rocky and uneven paths to reach their school.
The children from the plains find it difficult to walk on these paths but the local children can easily walk through these paths.
That’s all about Going to School Class 4th EVS Chapter Notes. Hope it has helped. Do share your views about this post in the comment section.