The chapter “Abdul in the Garden” is taken from the Let’s Look Around and Learn Environmental Studies textbook for students of Class 4 of JKBOSE. You have already read about Question Answers of Chapter 9 A Visit to Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh in the last post. This particular post is precisely about Abdul in the Garden Chapter 10 Question Answers. Let’s get started:
Abdul in the Garden Chapter 10 Question Answers
The chapter “Abdul in the Garden” aware the children about the basic characteristic of plants. As plants are very necessary for all the animals and human beings living on the earth. So, we must know about plants and also look after them because life would be impossible without plants.
Abdul in the Garden Question Answers
Abdul in the Garden Page No. 82 – 83
1. The stick which was stuck in the ground fell very easily. It was difficult to pull out a small grass. Why?
Ans. The roots of grass were deep inside the soil and firmly held the grass with soil. But whereas, the stick has no roots and hence it is difficult to pull out small grass while the stick fell very easily.
2. Do all plants have roots?
Ans. Yes, all plants have roots.
3. Look at some plants and trees around you. Imagine how deep and spread out the roots of these are.
Ans. The roots of small plants like grass are 2 to 10 inches deep, while the roots of a medium tree are 5 – 10 feet deep while the roots of some trees go as deep as 50 – 60 feet into the earth.
4. After three days, Abdul saw that one broken part of the pea plant had dried. Guess which part would have dried up? Why?
Ans. The leaves of the broken part of the pea plant would have dried up. This is because the delicate stem which supplies water and minerals from the soil to the leaves broke and the leaves of the plant did not get water and minerals from the soil.
5. Why do you think the neem tree did not fall despite the strong wind?
Ans. The neem tree did not fall despite the strong tree because it is a big tree and has very deep roots in the soil. These roots of the tree held it firmly in the soil.
6. On putting water in the soil where the plants are growing, the dropping leaves become fresh again. How?
Ans. The dropping leaves of the plants become fresh on putting water in the soil where plants are going because the water is transported from the roots to the leaves through the stem.
7. What do you feel, do all plants need water?
Ans.Yes, all plants need water.
8. Which of the plants around you need regular watering?
Ans. Flowering plants like Rose and Jasmine need regular watering.
9. What will happen, if nobody gives water to these plants?
Ans.These plants would die (dry up) due to scarcity of water if nobody gives water to them.
10. Abdul realised that he never watered the huge neem tree. “Where did it get its water from?” he thought. Which of the plants around you do not need watering? Where do they get water from? Make two guesses.
Ans. The neem tree is huge and has very deep roots. These roots absorb water for the plants from deep inside the earth. The trees like Mango and Banyan also do not need watering.
11. Abdul wondered whether radish was a root. Why did he think so?
Ans. Abdul wondered whether radish was a root because it grows inside the earth. Yes, he was right, radish is a storage type of root which stores food. We eat many roots and radish is one of them.
- Look at the pictures below and find out which of these vegetables are roots.
Ans. The radish, Beetroot and carrot are roots.
Abdul has more Questions Page No. 84 – 85
Abdul saw a plant growing out of a wall in school. Abdul wondered:
- How deep must the roots of this plant be going?
Ans. The roots of this plant must be going 10 to 15 inches deep.
- How do the roots get water?
Ans. The roots of this plant get water from moisture present in the wall.
- How big will this plant grow?
Ans. This plant will not grow much.
- What will happen to the wall?
Ans. The growth of the plant causes cracks in the wall and it will break down if the plant will not removed.
- Can you give the name of the plant in the picture?
- Have you ever seen a plant growing from a crack in a wall?
Ans. Yes, I have seen a plant growing from a crack in the boundary wall of my school.
- Where was it? Did you have any questions when you saw it?
Ans. It was at the back wall of our school boundary. I have one question in my mind about this plant.
- What were some of your questions? Ask elders and find the answers. Find out the name of the plant you saw.
Ans. My question was “From where do the seeds of the plant come to the wall”? The elders explained that the seeds of the plant are carried by a bird to the wall. The plant was a fig tree.
Abdul saw a huge tree that had fallen on the roadside. He could see some of its broken roots. Abdul thought:
- Would someone have uprooted such a big tree or would it have fallen on its own?
Ans. The tree was not fallen on its own. It was uprooted by strong winds.
- How old would this tree be?
Ans. This tree would be most probably more than 50 years old.
- Abdul on seeing a tree surrounded by cemented ground, thought that how will it get rainwater?
Ans. This tree will not get most of the rainwater because of cemented ground. It will get water through its roots which go deep into the soil and absorb water.
Let Us Talk
- Which are the oldest trees in your area? Find out from your elders how old the trees are?
Ans. There is a Chinar tree in a school ground in our village which is the oldest tree. It is nearly about 80 years old.
- Have you ever seen any big tree that had fallen down? What did you think when you saw it?
Ans. Yes. I have seen a big deodar tree uprooted by the storm. I was amazed by the strength of the storm which uprooted such a big tree.
Write in your notebook
Exercise Page No. 87 – 88
- What difference did you observe in the seeds after soaking? Compare with dry seeds and write.
Ans. The seeds after soaking absorb water and get swollen up and become bigger in size and will get sprouted after 2-3 days while dry seeds will not get swollen or sprout.
- What do you think would happen if the cotton wool had been left dry?
Ans. If the cotton wool had been left dry then the seeds will not be swollen or sprouted.
- In which direction did the roots grow? And the stem?
Ans. The roots always grew in the downward direction towards the soil while the stem grows in an upward direction.
- How big did the plant grow in the cotton wool?
Ans. This plant will grow about 4-5 cm in cotton wool.
- Did small plants come out from all the seeds?
Ans. Yes, the small plants come out from all the soaked seeds.
- What is the colour of the roots?
Ans. The colour of the roots is white.
- Did you see any hair on the roots?
Ans. There are no root hairs on the root at the beginning but root hairs start developing after 8-10 days.
- Try and pull out one little plant from the cotton wool. Were you able to pull it out? Why?
Ans. Yes, I was able to pull out but with little effort as the roots are gripped in the cotton wool.
- Did you see how the roots grip the cotton wool? Do you think that the roots hold the soil in the same way? Also, look at the plants grown by your friends.
Ans. Yes, I see how the roots of the plants grip the cotton wool. Yes, I think the roots hold the soil in the same way.
What Grows? Page No. 89
Arif and Yuaan did the above activity. They saw the seedlings grow. When asked what are the things that grow? They had very different ideas about things that grow.
Arif made a list of the following – Leaves, Munna, bud, puppy, nails, and fish.
Yuaan’s list had – Moon, tree, I, hair, watermelon, mosquito, crow.
- What do you think? Which of these things listed by Arif and Yuaan grow?
Ans. All things from the lists of Arif and Yuaan will grow.
- Why don’t you make your own list of things that grow? Your list can include the names of things that are on Arif’s and Yuaan’s lists.
Ans. Following are some other things which grow Man, cat, dog, all animals and plants.
Think about yourself—in what ways have you changed over a period of time? Have you grown in any way? For example—
- Has your height increased? How much taller have you grown in the last one year?
Ans, Yes, my height has increased by 3 cm in the last one year.
- Imagine that you had never cut your nails! Draw a picture of your fingers in the notebook to show how they would have looked.
- What other parts of your body keep growing? Some people cut it regularly.
Ans. The hairs on our body keep growing regularly and people would cut them regularly.
Abdul in the Garden Class 4 EVS Chapter Notes
The chapter describes the main parts of the plants and roots and their function. Here are parts of plants and their function.
- Roots keep the plant firm in the soil by holding the particles of soil.
- Roots absorb water for the stem, leaves, flowers and fruits of the plant.
- It helps the plant to remain upright.
- It transfers water from roots to the upper part of the plant while food from the leaves to the roots of the plants.
- Leaves are the food factories of the plant; they prepare food for the plant.
- Leaves also provide shade and give out water vapours keeping the temperature of the shady portion lesser than that outside.
- The main function of flowers is reproduction.
- They are the sources of nectar for the birds.
- They are the source of beauty in parks.
- The main function of the fruits is to help in the dispersal of seeds.
- It also protects seeds from any injury.
- They are edible parts of the plant.
The Banyan tree has a special type of roots which grow down from the low hanging branches of the tree. These grow down from the branches until they go into the soil. They grow in thickness and become thick like pillars. They provide strong support to the plant.
Do You Know
Desert Oak is a tree found in Australia. It is a medium-sized tree having very few leaves. Its roots are about 30 times longer than its height. The roots of this plant go deeper into the soil till they each water. The water absorbed by the roots of the plant is stored in the tree trunk. When there is an acute scarcity of water in the region, the local people used to put thin pipes into the trunk of the tree to drink this water.
Conditions Need for Growth
- Seeds need moisture and air for germination.
- If seeds are kept in the dry air, they will not grow into a new plant.
- If seeds are kept under the water they will also not germinate into a new plant.