The chapter “Food and Fun” is Chapter 12 from the Let’s Look Around and Learn Environmental Studies textbook for students of Class 4 of JKBOSE. This particular post will detail you about Food and Fun Class 4 EVS Question Answers. In the last post, you have already read about Question Answers of Chapter 11 Eating Together. Let’s get started:
Food and Fun Class 4 EVS Question Answers
The “Food and Fun” is designed to make children aware about food, the need of food, different types of food, food that can be eaten as raw foods and ways of cooking food. The chapter provides the students a with basic idea of the above-mentioned topics.
Why Do We Need Food?
Exercise Page No. 100 – 101
- What is food?
Ans. Anything that people eat to remain healthy and fit can be called food.
- What does food give us?
Ans. Food gives us energy.
- Give the main uses of food.
Ans. The main uses of food are:
- It gives us energy.
- It makes us strong.
- It builds our body.
- It makes us grow.
- It repairs our body parts.
- It helps us to fight against diseases and remain healthy.
Types of food
Exercise Page No. 103
1. Name three types of food.
Ans. Types of food:
- Body-building foods-Proteins
- Energy-giving foods–Carbohydrates, and fats.
- Protective foods—-minerals and vitamins.
2. What are energy-giving foods?
Ans. The foods which supply energy to our body are called energy-giving foods. Carbohydrates (Sugar and Starch) and fats (oily food) give us energy. So, these are called energy-giving foods. Food items having carbohydrates are honey, fruits, beetroot, sugarcane, rice, wheat, potato, tapioca etc. Fats are present in oily food and oil seeds like groundnuts, cashew nuts, coconuts, ghee, butter, cheese and eggs.
3. What are body-building foods?
Ans. The foods that help us to grow and make us strong are termed body-building foods Proteins are body-building foods. Foods like milk, dals, beans, peas, meat, nuts, fish and egg are rich in proteins. Children need more proteins than adults because they are at a growing stage.
Exercise Page No. 105
- Why is milk called a perfect food?
Ans. Milk is considered a perfect food because it contains all the necessary items that are needed by the body needs for its growth such as proteins, minerals, fats and vitamins. It is meant for young and old, sick and healthy alike.
- Why milk is superior to all other foods?
Ans. Milk is the best and most complete food because it contains proteins, minerals, fats and vitamins. So, it is considered superior to other foods.
- Why our body needs a lot of water?
Ans. Water helps in the digestion of food and also in the circulation of blood. It also throws out the waste material from our body and keeps us fit. This is why our body needs a lot of water.
- Name three vegetables which are eaten raw.
Ans. (i) Carrot, (ii) radish, (iii) cabbage.
Think and Answer Page No. 105 – 107
Name the following:
- Three major groups of food.
Ans. (i) Body-building foods
(ii) Energy-giving foods
(iii) Protective foods.
- Three body-building foods.
Ans. (i) Pulses
- Three energy-giving foods.
Ans. (i) Fruits
- Three protective foods.
Ans. (i) Apple
II. Fill in the blanks. Choose the right word from the box.
|Proteins, tasty, protective, digestive, carbohydrates, complete, wheat, rice, vitamin-A, minerals, vitamins.|
- _________ gives us energy
- _________ and _________ come under energy-giving food.
- Body-building foods are known as
- Minerals and vitamins are _________ foods.
- Milk is a _________ food.
- Papayas are rich in necessary for good eyesight.
- Vegetables and fruits contain _________ and _________ which protect us from diseases.
- Cooking makes the food easily _________ and _________
- Carbohydrates give us energy
- Wheat and rice come under energy-giving food.
- Body-building foods are known as proteins.
- Minerals and vitamins are protective foods.
- Milk is a complete food.
- Papayas are rich in vitamin-A necessary for good eyesight.
- Vegetables and fruits contain minerals and vitamins which protect us from diseases.
- Cooking makes the food easily digestive and tasty.
III. Match the following:
|1. Butter||(a) Protective food|
|2. Rice||(b) Eaten Raw|
|3. Milk||(c) Fat|
|4. Soyabean||(d) Carbohydrate|
|5. Green leafy vegetable||(e) Protein|
|6. Salad||(f) Complete food.|
|1. Butter||(c) Fat|
|2. Rice||(d) Carbohydrate|
|3. Milk||(f) Complete food.|
|4. Soyabean||(e) Protein|
|5. Green leafy vegetable||(a) Protective food|
|6. Salad||(b) Eaten Raw|
IV. Given below are the names of some food items. Group them into energy-giving food, body-building food and protective food.
|orange, potato, moong dal, rice, milk, fish, sugar, amla, palak (spinach)|
Ans. Energy-giving Foods. Potato, sugar.
Body-building Foods. Moong dal, milk, fish.
Protective Food. Orange, Potato, amla, palak (spinach).
V. Draw three food items which can be eaten raw.
Ans. (i) Carrot (ii) Beetroot (iii) Cabbage.
VI. Put a tick () mark on the statement which is most appropriate in the following:
1. Energy for our work and play is obtained mainly from
Ans. (b) cereals
2. Pulses are a good source of:
Ans. (b) Proteins
3. The best source of Protein is :
Ans. (a) fish.
Food and Fun Class 4 EVS Summary Notes
Anything that people can eat to remain healthy and fit can be termed as food. We get food from plants and animals.
Why Do We Need Food?
We keep working continuously and our body needs energy to do work. We get this energy from food. Therefore, the right kind of food is necessary for maintaining good health and remaining fit. The main uses of foo include:
(1) It gives us energy to work.
(2) It makes us strong.
(3) It builds our body.
(4) It makes us grow.
(5) It repairs our body parts.
(6) It helps us to fight against diseases and remain healthy.
Types of Food
All food that we consume to gain energy and remain fit falls into three categories.
- Body-building foods – Proteins.
- Energy-giving foods – Carbohydrates and Fats
- Protective foods – Minerals and Vitamins.
1. Body-Building Foods: The foods that make us grow tall and strong are termed body-building foods. Proteins are body-building foods. Babies and young children need more protein than adults. Milk, milk products, pulses (dals), beans, peas, nuts, soybean, meat, fish and eggs are rich sources of proteins.
2. Energy-giving Foods The foods that give us strength and energy to work, run, play, study, etc. are termed energy-giving foods. Carbohydrates and fats give us energy. Sugar and starch are rich in carbohydrates. Sugar is present in all fruits, honey, beetroot and sugarcane. Starch is present in rice, wheat, potato, sweet potato, tapioca and yam.
Fats give us more energy than carbohydrates. If fats are not used up in the body, they increase the body weight which is not good for health. All oily foods have fat in them. Oil seeds like groundnuts, cashew nuts, coconuts, vegetable ghee, butter, milk, cheese, and eggs have fat in them.
3. Protective Foods: The food which helps our body to fight against sickness and diseases and helps in the general well-being of our body are termed protective foods. These foods are rich in minerals and vitamins. We need these foods to grow healthy bones, teeth, hair, and skin and for our general well-being.
Fresh vegetables and fruits give us minerals and vitamins. Vegetables are richer in minerals like iron and calcium than fruits. It is important to eat green leafy vegetables like spinach, cabbage, drumstick leaves etc.
Papayas are rich in vitamin A, necessary for good eyesight. Oranges are rich in vitamin C which helps to build your resistance.
Milk is Complete Food
Milk is considered superior to other foods. It is the best and most complete food. It contains proteins, minerals, fats and vitamins. So it is also called perfect food. It is food meant for young and old, for the sick and healthy. Babies live mostly on milk for some time.
Our body needs a lot of water. Water is necessary for the digestion of food and the circulation of blood. It throws out the waste material from our body and keeps us fit.
We eat fruits and some vegetables without cooking.
We eat ripe fruits such as mangoes, apples, bananas, etc. without cooking. We also eat a salad of raw vegetables such as carrot, radish, tomato, cucumber, beetroot, cabbage, etc.
Raw vegetables contain many vitamins. Raw foods should always be fresh and clean. Always wash the fruits and vegetables in clean water before cutting or eating. Cut the fruits and vegetables and eat immediately. Remember to cover all cut fruits. If kept uncovered, they may be attacked by flies and germs. Rotten food substances must be thrown away.
Cooked food is soft and easy to digest. It is tasty too. Here are some common methods of cooking.
- Boiling: Rice, dal, fish curry, vegetables, etc. are prepared by boiling them in water.
- Steaming: Some food items like idly, dhokla, etc. are cooked in steam.
- Roasting: Some food items, such as chapatti (roti), nan, peanuts, etc. are cooked by roasting on a hot pan or on burning coal.
- Frying: Some food items, such as puri, samosa, batata vada, pakora, wafers, etc., are fried in oil or ghee.
- Baking: Breads, cakes, biscuits, etc. are baked in an oven.
Cooking helps to kill the disease-causing germs in the raw food and avoids many diseases.
Rules to Follow while Cooking
Do not overcook or cook at high temperatures.
Do not cook with too much water. These types of cooking practices lose vitamins.
That’s all about Food and Fun Class 4 EVS Question Answers. Hope you found it useful. Please share your views about this post in the comment section below.