The chapter “Clothing and Culture” is Chapter 21 from Let’s Look Around and Learn Environmental Studies for students of Class 5th of JKBOSE. This post is precisely about Clothing and Culture Class 5 EVS Summary Notes. In my last post, you read about Clothing and Culture Class 5 EVS Question Answers. Let’s get started with today’s post:
Clothing and Culture Class 5 EVS Summary Notes
Our country India is a vast country. It has many diversities. There is diversity in dresses, cultures, languages, food habits etc. This diversity is due to geographical conditions. Our country has mountains, plains, valleys and coastal areas. In these places, the lifestyle of people varies in accordance with the climate and available resources.
Different dishes are made in different regions. Similarly, the dresses of the people also vary in different parts of the country. In this lesson, we will study the various dresses and cultures of various states of India.
Jammu & Kashmir
- Kashmir Division has a very cold climate. The people here need to wear dresses which completely cover their bodies.
- People in Kashmir wear long loose coats called phirans and salwars. This woollen fabric protects the Kashmiri people from the cold.
- The women wear veils and the men wear fur caps. Ladies wear a lot of silver jewellery.
- The Kashmiri people love to sing and dance. Their special dance is Rouf.
- People like to eat rice, fish, meat and rajma. In Kashmir, the most formed meal is “Wazwan” and is a must for all special occasions and no ritual is complete without serving Wazwan,
- They prefer to drink Kahwa.
- The Jammu Division of the state has a moderate climate.
- The people living in and around Jammu city are called Dogras.
- The men wear long kurta, churidar pyjama and pagri. The women wear salwar and kurta called Dogri
- Their special folk dances are Dhamachda, Kud, and Fumani and folk songs are Bhakhan, Suhag, etc. They like to eat Babbar, malpude, rajma and rice, chutneys, madhras, ambal, kalari and khatta meat.
- Himachal Pradesh has cold weather so people wear warm clothes. The warm coats the people wear here are known as cholas.
- Beautifully embroidered caps of men and scarfs of women are known as dhazu. They also love to sing and dance.
- The state has a climate with a normal temperature.
- The traditional dress of Uttar Pradesh is dhoti or kurta-pyjamas and caps for men and saree blouse for women. Men also wear trousers and shirts. Salwar suits are also worn by women. Village women wear colourful ghagra-choli.
- The usual diet of people includes roti, rice, dals and vegetables.
- The Punjabi men wear lungi or kurta-pyjama and a head gear pagdi or safa. Most women wear salwar-kurta or salwar kameez with a dupatta.
- The people of Punjab prefer to wear colourful clothes.
- The most popular dances in Punjab are Bhangra and Gidda.
- Their staple food is roti. Chhole-bhature is also very famous.
- They prefer to take a lot of curd and drink lassi.
- They are also fond of non-vegetarian food like chicken, fried fish, etc.
- Delhi is the capital of India, so people from almost all the states, cities and towns come here and stay.
- Men in Delhi like to wear trousers and shirts. Women wear salwar suits, sarees, skirts and even trousers.
- Since people of different states live here, food habits vary and are also changing. The habit of non-vegetarian food is also very common here.
- It is a neighbouring state of Delhi.
- Most of the people live in villages.
- The men wear dhoti or pyjama with kurta or kamri. The women wear ghagra-kurta or salwar-kameez with odhni.
- Their main food is roti and dal with butter or ghee. They also take a lot of curds. They all like lassi and milk.
- The traditional dress of Kerala is mundu and a shirt for men. Ladies wear mundu and blouse. The women of Kerala love to wear cream-coloured handloom sarees with golden borders on them.
- They are also fond of music. The famous dance of Kerala is Kathakali which is based on Ramayana and Mahabharata.
- Rice is the main food of Kerala. They also like to eat fish curry.
- The famous dishes of Kerala are idli, dosa, utappam, sambhar, aviyal, etc. Since it is a coastal state, people prefer to take a lot of seafood.
- People here prefer to wear cotton clothes as there is a hot and humid climate.
- Men wear dhotis called veshtis or lungi and shirts. A cotton towel or thundu is also placed over the shoulders. Young girls wear ‘pavada’ and blouse which is similar to lehenga. Ladies generally wear sarees.
- The main dance form is Bharatanatyam and Kolattam (folk dance like the Dandiya of Gujarat).
- The favourite dishes are dosa, vada, upma, rasam and sambhar.
- Rice is the staple diet of the people.
- The women of Karnataka wear sarees and blouses called kupsas.
- They like to wear flowers in their hair. Young girls wear Pavadas. The men of Karnataka wear shirts and dhotis. They put a cloth called angavastra over their shoulders.
- The traditional folk dance of Karnataka is called yakashagana.
- The people are mainly rice eaters.
- Idli, dossa, sambhar, upma, rasam,, are also very famous dishes of Karnataka.
- The people of Andhra Pradesh prefer to wear cool cotton clothes.
- Men wear dhotis and shirts and women wear sarees.
- Andhra Pradesh is the home of Kuchipudi
- The people are fond of music, dance and drama.
- The main food is chapatis, dosa, idli, fish and meat.
- They use a lot of tamarind and chillies and their favourite dish is Arattu.
- It is also mainly a tribal state.
- There are fourteen tribes, out of them, some important tribes are Angami, Chang, Konyak and Ao.
- Each tribe is identified by the special design on their shawls.
- The shawl is a very important part of their dress.
- The Nagas are very fond of singing and dancing.
- They eat rice and meat. They drink a kind of beer namely zu.
- The Assamese women wear long skirts called mekhala, along with riha and a duppatta called chadar.
- The Assamese men wear dhoti and kurta. They are fond of eating rice, fish, chapati and vegetables.
- There are many tribes.
- These tribes have their own dresses.
- Most of the people are Christians and are fond of singing and dancing.
- Their famous dance is the bamboo dance.
- The people of Meghalaya belong to three ancient tribes – the khasis, the garos and the Jaintias.
- They wear colourful dresses. Each tribe has its own cultures and customs, etc.
- The men of Sikkim wear pretty handwoven clothes. The women wear long skirts called baku.
- They also wear colourful jewellery.
- The people are of three groups – lepchas, bhutias and nepalese.
- Men wear dhotis and kurtas. The women wear sarees and blouses.
- Ladies of Odisha wear a lot of silver jewellery.
- The Odissi is the classical dance of Odisha.
- People prefer to eat rice, pulses, vegetables, fish and meat.
- The tribals of this place live inside the deep forest.
- The men of West Bengal wear dhoti and kurta whereas women wear sarees.
- The tribals of the state like santhals have their own dresses and cultures.
- Bengalis are very fond of music. They have a blend of poetry
- Fish and rice are the staple food of Bengalis.
- Sweet dishes like rasogolla and sandesh are very famous.
- The people of Bihar wear dhoti-kurta (men) and sarees (women).
- The favourite dishes are rice, chapati, dals, vegetables and fish.
- Thekua, the sweet dish and madhubani painting of Bihar are famous.
- The men of Maharashtra wear dhotis, kurtas and caps or turbans. The women wear sarees tied in a special way.
- They wear flowers in their hair. When they wear sarees it comes up to their knees and not to the ankles or feet.
- Maharashtrians enjoy the folk dance called ‘Tamasha’.
- Bakri, chapatis made from wheat or jowar, vegetables and curd is the popular food in Maharashtra Bhelpuri and pav bhaji are also very popular.
- The central part of India, Madhya Pradesh, is very simple in its dress.
- People wear simple light clothes as there is not too cold or too hot weather
- Men wear dhoti-kurta or pyjama-kurta and women wear saree-blouse and ghaghra-choli. Rice, dal, chapatis and vegetables are the staple food.
- The dress for men is trousers and shirts.
- The women wear skirts, blouses and sarees. In some parts, men wear lungis and shirts.
- Rice, vegetables, seafood and meat are their favourite dishes.
- The Goans like to sing and dance and lead happy life.
- People in Rajasthan wear their own particular dresses.
- Men wear pajami and kurta or churidar trousers with achkan or angarkha and coloured turbans. The women wear ghaghra-choli called kachli and odhani.
- The people like to have roti, dal and vegetables. People there like to drink camel’s milk.
- As Gujarat is situated on the bank of the Arabian Sea, people wear light clothes.
- The Gujarati men like to wear Dhoti-Kurta and Gandhi cap. Some wear churidhar payjamas with jackets and colourful turbans. The woman wears sarees, lehengas, cholis and odhnis.
- The most famous dances. of Gujarat are the Garbha and the Dandiya Ras.
- Gujrati people like to eat rice, puri, dals, vegetables, curd and pickles. Their most famous dish is dhokla.
In this chapter, we can conclude that the saree is a popular dress all over India among ladies. Some popular brands of sarees are Banarasi from Varanasi, Patola from Andhra Pradesh, Chanderi from Madhya Pradesh and Kancheevaram from Tamil Nadu. Among men dhoti, kurta-pyjama, trouser-shirt, etc., are very common.
- India is a vast country which has many diversities.
- Different dishes are famous in different regions of India.
- In cold regions, people wear warm dresses.
- The dresses and cultures of different states are different.
- Saree is a popular dress all over India for women.
- Men prefer to wear dhoti, kurta-pyjama, trouser, shirt, etc.
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