“Like Father Like, Daughter” is Chapter 16 from the Let’s Look Around and Learn Environmental Studies Textbook for students of Class 5th of JKBOSE. This post is about Like Father Like Daughter Class 5 Chapter Notes. In the last post, you read about Like Father Like Daughter Class 5 Question Answers. Let’s not waste time and get started:
Like Father Like Daughter Class 5 Chapter Notes
The chapter “Like Father, Like Daughter” is about how parents are similar to their children, and why they behave like their parents or relatives. The author tried to make the kids understand how these characters passed from parents to their kids.
Ayat was sitting near the window and reading. It was windy and dusty outside and suddenly Ayat sneezed loudly – aaa chhee. Ayat’s parents were sorting vegetables in the kitchen. After hearing the sneeze Ayat’s mother said to his father that she sneezes like him. She said if he would not have been with her, she might have mistaken her sneeze for him.
Who is Whose Aunt?
Nilima had gone to the house of her Nani (mother’s mother) in the school holidays. She saw someone coming and went to tell her mother, “Amma, mausi (mother’s sister) has come to meet you.” Her mother came out to see who had come. She told Nilima, “No, this is not your mausi! She is your sister Yusra. Do you know your eldest Nani? Yusra is the daughter of her elder son. Yusra is your cousin. You are her cute son Samir’s mausi!”
How We Are All Related!
Nilima started playing with Samir. Her mother called Yusra and said, “See, my Nilima’s hair is a lot like yours – thick, curly and black. It’s good she does not have hair like mine – straight, limp and brown!”
Nilima’s Nani laughed and said, “Yes, isn’t it strange? Nilima’s Nani’s sisters had thick curly hair and now our second generation has similar hair.” Nilima was listening to all this. She thought, “We are called ‘distant relatives, but how closely related we are in many ways!”
Is this a mirror?
Is Sahrish standing in front of a mirror? No, this is her twin! Did you get confused? Their mother’s brother (mama) also gets confused when he sees them together. At times Sahrish gets scolded for the mischief done by Saira. Sometimes Saira tricks her mama and says, “Sairà has gone out.” But now mama has learnt a trick. He says — Sing a song in Kashmiri! Why this funny trick?
The sisters were just two weeks old when Sahrish’s father’s brother’s wife (Chachi) adopted her and took her to Kashmir. Everyone in chachi’s house is very fond of music. Sahrish knows many songs in both languages – Kashmiri and Urdu. At home, everyone speaks Kashmiri and at school, most children speak Urdu.
Saira stays with her father in Jammu. Her father is a karate coach. Since she was there, Saira started doing karate with the other children. On holidays, both father and daughter start practising in the morning.
Sahrish and Saira look alike but are also quite different. Do you now know why mama has his way of finding out who is who?
Sahrish and Saira look a lot like each other yet are different. For example, Sahrish knows two languages. If Saira’s family also talked in two languages she could also learn both. We learn many things like language, music, love for reading, or knitting when we get a chance and an environment to do so.
This from the family
If you could do any of these you should ask if your family members also do so. There would a member in your families who could so, it means you have got this trait from your family members.
- Without touching your teeth fold your tongue towards the back of your mouth.
- Roll your tongue by lifting it from the sides.
- Open all the toes of your feet. Now without moving the others, move the little toe.
- Touch the thumb to your wrist.
- Make a ‘V’ by separating two fingers of your hand to each side.
- Move your ears, without holding them.
But not this from Parents
Satti was only a few months old when one of her legs was affected by polio. But she never let this come in the way of her work and her life. Walking long distances and climbing many stairs have been a part of her work. Now Satti is married. Some people tell her not to have any children. She is also worried that her children may also get polio. She spoke to a doctor about this.
Experiments with Peas – Rough or Smooth?
Gregor Mendel was born in a poor farmer’s family in Austria in 1822. He was very fond of studies but the very thought of examinations made him nervous (Oh! you too feel the same!). He did not have money to study at the University so he thought of becoming a ‘monk’ in a monastery. He thought from there he would be sent to study further. Which he was. But to become a science teacher he had to take an exam. Oh no! he got so nervous that he kept running away from the exam, and kept failing!
But he did not stop doing experiments. For seven years he did experiments on 28,000 plants in the garden of the monastery. He worked hard, collected many observations, and made a discovery! Something which scientists at that time could not even understand! They understood it many years after his death when other scientists did such experiments and read what Mendel had already written.
What did Mendel find in those plants? He found that the pea plant has some traits which come in pairs. Like the seed is either rough or smooth. It is either yellow or green, and the height of the plant is either tall or short. Nothing in between.
The next generation (the children) of a plant which has either rough or smooth seeds will also have seeds which are rough or smooth. There is no seed which is mixed – a bit smooth and a bit rough.
He found the same colour. Seeds which are either green or yellow give rise to new seeds which are either green or yellow. The next generation does not have seeds with a mixed new colour made from both green and yellow. Mendel showed that in the next generation of pea plants there will be more plants having yellow seeds. He also showed that the next generation will have more plants with smooth seeds. What a discovery!
- The traits of children resemble their parents.
- Sometimes some traits like—the colour of eyes, dimples in cheeks, height, broad or sharp nose, voice etc. resemble distant relatives.
- Scientist Gregor Mendel was born in Austria in 1822.
- Mendel did experiments on pea plants and found that like-the seed is either rough or smooth.
- The next generation of a plant with either rough or smooth seeds will also have rough or smooth seeds.
- We get some traits from parents by birth. We acquire some habits or traits from our surroundings.
- Sometimes we recognise a person from his voice or loud laughter.
That’s all about Like Father Like Daughter Class 5 Chapter Notes. Hope it has helped you. Do share your views in the comment section below.