The Chapter “Our Health Services” is taken from JKBOSE Class 5th Environmental Studies “Let’s Look Around and Learn” In this post, you will find Our Health Services Class 5 EVS Question Answers. In a previous post, you have read about Chapter 4 Experiments with Water Class 5 Question Answers. Let’s get started with the post:
Our Health Services Class 5 EVS Question Answers
What Have We Learnt?
I. Oral Work Page 50
- What precautions should we take to keep ourselves healthy?
Ans. We should take the following precautions to keep ourselves healthy:
- We should take a balanced diet.
- Proper vaccination of children for various diseases should be done.
- We should do regular exercises and take rest also.
- We should keep our homes and surroundings clean.
- Tell the difference between a Primary Health Sub-Centre and a Primary Health Centre.
Ans. Difference between a Primary Health Sub-Centre and a Primary Health Centre.
|Primary Health Sub-Centre||Primary Health Centre|
|1. It is located in areas having a population of about 5000. In hilly and far-flung areas it is opened for a population of 3000.||1. It is located in areas having a population of about 30,000. In hilly and backward areas, it is opened even for a population of 20,000.|
|2. There is one male and one female health worker in the primary health sub-centre.||3. There is one doctor, one nurse and a technician in a primary health centre.|
|3. Primary Health Sub-Centre don’t have a laboratory.||3. Primary Health Centre have a laboratory.|
|4. Primary Health Sub-Centre plays an important role in providing health education to the community. Its main activities are providing health-related information to mother and child, family planning and vaccination.||4. Primary Health Centre tests the samples of patients and treats the diseases. The laboratory in Primary Health Centre tests the urine, stool, blood and sputum of the patients to diagnose the disease and then proper treatment is done.|
3. When is World Health Day observed?
Ans. World Health Day is observed on the 7th of April every year.
4. What is the utility of a Mobile Van?
Ans. Mobile Van is like a small hospital that moves on wheels. It provides health services to far-flung areas where no medical facilities are available. Medicines and medical equipment used to treat patients are available in a mobile van. A doctor also accompanies a mobile van.
5. Name any three diseases against which vaccines are given to children.
Ans. The diseases against which vaccines are given to the children include:
3. Whooping Cough.
6. Rubella etc.
6. Why do we need health education?
Ans. Health education is very important for us because it tells us about communicable diseases, how they spread and how we can protect ourselves from them. It also educates us on the ways to keep our environment clean and pollution-free. It also tells us about the ways to keep ourselves healthy.
II. Written Work Page 50-51
- What facilities are available at Primary Health Sub-Centre?
Ans. The Primary Health Sub-Centre has one male and one female health worker who look after health-related activities like providing information regarding the health of mother and child, family planning, vaccination etc. The health workers also provide first aid and treat simple diseases:
- Where are blood and sputum tested and who tests them?
Ans. Blood and sputum are tested in the laboratory present in Primary Health Centre. A technician tests them.
- Write two differences between a Mobile Van and a Hospital.
Ans. Differences between a Mobile Van and a Hospital
|1. It is a health facility that moves on wheels.||1. It is a health facility fixed in one place.|
|2. It is used to provide health services to far-flung areas where the population is small and no medical facilities are available.||2. Hospitals are present in large cities and are used to provide health services to large populations.|
|3. It is small in size.||3. It is very large compared to a Mobile Van.|
- Write five sentences on Blood Bank.
- A blood bank is a place where the blood of all the different blood groups is stored.
- All big Hospitals have Blood Banks.
- Blood in a blood bank is made available when required like in accidents, major operations or serious illnesses.
- Blood in the Blood Banks came for donors who donate their blood voluntarily.
- Ill and weak persons cannot donate blood to a blood bank.
- Match the names in Column A with the statements in Column B.
|Column A||Column B|
|Primary Health Sub-Centre||Hospital on wheels|
|Primary Health Centre||Place to procure blood|
|Laboratory||Availability of doctors|
|Blood Bank||Testing of blood and sputum|
|Mobile Van||Population of 5000|
|Column A||Column B|
|Primary Health Sub-Centre||Population of 5000|
|Primary Health Centre||Availability of doctors|
|Laboratory||Testing of blood and sputum|
|Blood Bank||Place to procure blood|
|Mobile Van||Hospital on wheels|
- Write three sentences on each of the following:
(a) Community Health Centre
Ans. (a) Community Health Centre
- They are set up in areas where the population is around 1 lakh.
- Community Health Centre has a medical specialist, a nurse and other workers.
- All kinds of health programmes like vaccination, health camps, child health and welfare schemes are conducted in Community Health Centre.
- Vaccination is a method of providing vaccines to children and adults.
- It helps in developing resistance to diseases.
- Children can be protected against serious diseases like whooping cough, diphtheria, Tetanus, measles etc. by vaccination.
- The doctor is a health professional for treating the patients.
- A doctor examines the patients by treating them and saving their lives.
- Doctors are mostly posted in Hospitals, Community Health Centres and Primary Health Centres.
- What health-related information would you like to give to your family members?
- We should wash our hands before eating anything.
- We should avoid eating uncovered food items.
- We should brush our teeth twice a day.
- There should not let clean or dirty water stagnating in our surroundings because mosquitoes breed in it.
- We should exercise regularly.
That’s all we have about Our Health Services Class 5 EVS Question Answers. Hope you got your answers. Do share your views about this post in the comment section.